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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Counterregulation of Th2 immunity by interleukin 12 reduces host defenses against Strongyloides venezuelensis infection

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Autor(es):
Machado, Eleuza R. [1] ; Carlos, Daniela [1] ; Lourenco, Elaine V. [2] ; Sorgi, Carlos A. [1] ; Silva, Erika V. [1] ; Ramos, Simone G. [3] ; Ueta, Marlene T. [4] ; Aronoff, David M. [5] ; Faccioli, Lucia H. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Anal Clin Toxicol & Bromatol, BR-14040903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Biol Celular & Mol & Bioagentes Patogen, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Patol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Parasitol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Michigan Hlth Syst, Dept Internal Med, Div Infect Dis, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Microbes and Infection; v. 11, n. 5, p. 571-578, APR 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 17
Resumo

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of interleukin 12 (IL-12) during Strongyloides venezuelensis infection. IL-12(-/-) and wildtype C57BL/6 mice were subcutaneously infected with 1500 larvae of S. venezuelensis. On days 7, 14, and 21 post-infection, we determined eosinophil and mononuclear cell numbers in the blood and broncoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), Th2 cytokine secretion in the lung parenchyma, and serum antibody levels. The numbers of eggs in the feces and worm parasites in the duodena were also quantified. The eosinophil and mononuclear cell counts and the concentrations of IL-3, IL-5, IL-10, IL-13, and IgG1 and IgE antibodies increased significantly in infected IL-12(-/-) and wild-type mice as compared with uninfected controls. However, the number of eosinophils and mononuclear cells in the blood and BALF and the Th2 cytokine levels in the lungs of infected IL-12-/- mice were greater than in infected wild-type C57BL/6 mice. In addition, serum IgE and IgG1 levels were also significantly enhanced in the infected mice lacking IL-12. Meanwhile, parasite burden and fecal egg counts were significantly decreased in infected IL-12-/- mice. Together, our results showed that the absence of IL-12 upregulates the Th2 immune response, which is important for control of S. venezuelensis infection. (C) 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/12856-2 - Modulação das respostas imunes inata e adquirida por leucotrienos e prostaglandinas
Beneficiário:Lúcia Helena Faccioli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático