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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evolutionary transition to freshwater by ancestral marine palaemonids: evidence from osmoregulation in a tide pool shrimp

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Augusto, Alessandra [1] ; Pinheiro, Adriana Silva [2] ; Greene, Lewis Joel [3] ; Laure, Helen Julie [3] ; McNamara, John Campbell [2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Ctr Aquicultura, BR-14870810 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Pret, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Ctr Quim Proteinas, BR-14051040 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AQUATIC BIOLOGY; v. 7, n. 1-2, p. 113-122, 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 32
Resumo

The transition from marine/brackish waters to freshwater habitats constitutes a severe osmotic and ionic challenge, and successful invasion has demanded the selection of morphological, physiological, biochemical and behavioral adaptations. We evaluated short-term (1 to 12 h exposure) and long-term (5 d acclimation), anisosmotic extracellular (osmolality, {[}Na(+), Cl(-)]) and long-term isosmotic intracellular osmoregulatory capability in Palaemon northropi, a neotropical intertidal shrimp. F northropi survives well and osmo- and ionoregulates strongly during short- and long-term exposure to 5-45 parts per thousand salinity, consistent with its rocky tide pool habitat subject to cyclic salinity fluctuations, Muscle total free amino acid (FAA) concentrations decreased by 63% in shrimp acclimated to 5%. salinity, revealing a role in hypoosmotic cell volume regulation; this decrease is mainly a consequence of diminished glycine, arginine and proline. Total FAA contributed 31% to muscle intracellular osmolality at 20 parts per thousand, an isosmotic salinity, and decreased to 13% after acclimation to 5 parts per thousand. Gill and nerve tissue FAA concentrations remained unaltered. These tissue-specific responses reflect efficient anisosmotic and anisoionic extracellular regulatory mechanisms, and reveal the dependence of muscle tissue on intracellular osmotic effectors. FAA concentration is higher in P. northropi than in diadromous and hololimnetic palaemonids, confirming muscle FAA concentration as a good parameter to evaluate the degree of adaptation to dilute media. The osmoregulatory capability of P. northropi may reflect the potential physiological capacity of ancestral marine palaemonids to penetrate into dilute media, and reveals the importance of evaluating osmoregulatory processes in endeavors to comprehend the invasion of dilute media by ancestral marine crustaceans. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 01/00576-2 - Processos osmorregulatórios de estágios ontogenéticos selecionados de Brachyura e Caridea dulcícolas, e sua relação com a conquista da água doce
Beneficiário:Alessandra da Silva Augusto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 96/01842-8 - Implantação de um espectrômetro de massa electrospray ionization para pesquisa básica e biotecnológica no estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Lewis Joel Greene
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular