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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Frugivory by the fish Brycon hilarii (Characidae) in western Brazil

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Autor(es):
Reys, Paula [1] ; Sabino, Jose [2] ; Galetti, Mauro [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ecol, Grp Fenol & Dispersao Sementes, Lab Biol Conservacao, BR-13506900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Desenvolvimento Estado & Regiao Pantanal, Lab Biodiversidade & Conservacao Ecossistemas Aqu, BR-79003010 Campo Grande, Mato Grosso Sul - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ACTA OECOLOGICA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY; v. 35, n. 1, p. 136-141, JAN-FEB 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 26
Resumo

Frugivory and seed dispersal have been poorly studied in Neotropical freshwater fishes. We studied frugivory and seed dispersal by the piraputanga fish (Brycon hilarii, Characidae) in the Formoso River, Bonito, western Brazil. We examined the stomach contents of 87 fish and found the diet of piraputanga consisted of 24% animal prey (arthropods, snails, and vertebrates), 31% seeds/fruits and 45% other plant material (algae/macrophytes/leaves/flowers). The piraputangas fed on 12 fruit species, and were considered as seed dispersers of eight species. Fruits with soft seeds larger than 10 mm. were triturated, but all species with small seeds (e.g. Ficus, Psidium) and one species with large hard seed (Chrysophyllum gonocarpum) were dispersed. Piraputangas eat more fruits in the dry season just before the migration, but not during the spawning season. Fish length had a positive relation with the presence of fruits in their guts. The gallery forest of the Formoso River apparently does not have any plant species that depend exclusively on B. hilarii for seed dispersal because all fruit species are also dispersed by birds and mammals. Based on seed size and husk hardness of the riparian plant community of Formoso River, however, the piraputangas may potentially disperse at least 50% of the riparian fleshy fruit species and may be particularly important for long-distance dispersal. Therefore, overfishing or other anthropogenic disturbances to the populations of piraputanga may have negative consequences for the riparian forests in this region. (C) 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 01/10300-4 - Padrões de frugivoria e dispersão de sementes de palmeiras na Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Mauro Galetti Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular