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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Coherent backscatter radar imaging in Brazil: large-scale waves in the bottomside F-region at the onset of equatorial spread F

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Rodrigues, F. S. [1] ; Hysell, D. L. [1] ; de Paula, E. R. [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Cornell Univ, Ithaca, NY 14853 - USA
[2] INPE, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Annales Geophysicae; v. 26, n. 11, p. 3355-3364, 2008.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

The 30 MHz coherent backscatter radar located at the equatorial observatory in Sao Luis, Brazil (2.59 degrees S, 44.21 degrees W, -2.35 degrees dip lat) has been upgraded to perform coherent backscatter radar imaging. The wide field-of-view of this radar makes it well suited for radar imaging studies of ionospheric irregularities. Radar imaging observations were made in support to the spread F Experiment (SpreadFEx) campaign. This paper describes the system and imaging technique and presents results from a bottom-type layer that preceded fully-developed radar plumes on 25 October 2005. The radar imaging technique was able to resolve decakilometric structures within the bottom-type layer. These structures indicate the presence of large-scale waves (similar to 35 km) in the bottomside F-region with phases that are alternately stable and unstable to wind-driven gradient drift instabilities. The observations suggest that these waves can also cause the initial perturbation necessary to initiate the Generalized Rayleigh-Taylor instability leading to spread F. The electrodynamic conditions and the scale length of the bottom-type layer structures suggest that the waves were generated by the collisional shear instability. These results indicate that monitoring bottom-type layers may provide helpful diagnostics for spread F forecasting. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/01065-0 - Imageamento das irregularidades ionosféricas por radar VHF
Beneficiário:Eurico Rodrigues de Paula
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 99/00026-0 - Estudos das irregularidades ionosféricas utilizando radar HF/VHF/ de espalhamento coerente
Beneficiário:Eurico Rodrigues de Paula
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular