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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Relationship between bone mineral density, leptin and insulin concentration in Brazilian obese adolescents

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Autor(es):
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do Prado, Wagner Luiz [1] ; de Piano, Aline [2] ; Lazaretti-Castro, Marise [2] ; de Mello, Marco Tullio [3] ; Stella, Sergio Garcia [4] ; Tufik, Sergio [3] ; Oller do Nascimento, Claudia Maria [2] ; Oyama, Lila Missae [2] ; Lofrano, Mara Cristina [2] ; Tock, Lian [2] ; Caranti, Danielle Arisa [2] ; Damaso, Ana Raimunda [5]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Pernambuco, Phys Educ High Sch, Recife, PE - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Nutr Postgrad Program, Paulista Med Sch, BR-04020060 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychobiol, Paulista Med Sch, BR-04020060 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Ribeirao Preto UNAERP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biosci, Paulista Med Sch, BR-04020060 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL METABOLISM; v. 27, n. 5, p. 613-619, SEP 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 31
Resumo

Despite the epidemic of adolescent obesity, the effect of obesity and hormones on bone mineral accrual during growth is poorly understood. Studies using dual-energy X-ray to examine the effect of obesity on bone mass in children and adolescents have yielded conflicting results. The aim of this study was to explore the combined and independent contributions of body mass index, body composition, leptin, insulin, glucose levels and Homeostasis Model Assessment Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) to bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content in a group of Brazilian obese adolescents. This study included 109 post-pubescent obese adolescents. A whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan was performed,using a HOLOGIC QDR4200, to determine whole-body BMD and body composition. Blood samples were collected in the outpatient clinic after an overnight fast, and evaluated for fasting blood glucose and immunoreactive insulin. Leptin levels were assessed with a radioimmunoassay kit. Insulin resistance was assessed by HOMA-IR and the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index. Our results showed that insulin levels and HOMA-IR correlated negatively with BMD and a linear regression analysis showed that serum leptin is inversely associated to BMD adjusted for body mass. In conclusion, our data support the hypothesis that leptin, insulin and HOMA-IR are inversely associated with BMD and play a significant direct role in bone metabolism. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/53069-0 - Efeitos do tratamento multidisciplinar em adolescentes obesos com esteatose hepática não alcoólica e sua relação com as adipocitocinas pró e anti-inflamatórias
Beneficiário:Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 06/00684-3 - Fatores orexígenos, anorexígenos, pró e anti-inflamatórios: efeitos do programa multidisciplinar para redução da massa corporal em adolescentes obesos
Beneficiário:Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular