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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cannabidiol injected into the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis reduces the expression of contextual fear conditioning via 5-HT1A receptors

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Gomes, Felipe V. [1] ; Reis, Daniel G. [1] ; Alves, Fernando H. F. [1] ; Correa, Fernando M. A. [1] ; Guimaraes, Francisco S. [1] ; Resstel, Leonardo B. M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pharmacol, Sch Med, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY; v. 26, n. 1, SI, p. 104-113, JAN 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 49
Resumo

Systemic administration of cannabidiol (CBD) attenuates cardiovascular and behavioral changes induced by re-exposure to a context that had been previously paired with footshocks. Previous results from our group using cFos immunohistochemistry suggested that the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is involved in this effect. The mechanisms of CBD effects are still poorly understood, but could involve 5-HT1A receptor activation. Thus, the present work investigated if CBD administration into the BNST would attenuate the expression of contextual fear conditioning and if this effect would involve the activation of 5-HT1A receptors. Male Wistar rats with cannulae bilaterally implanted into the BNST were submitted to a 10 min conditioning session (six footshocks, 1.5 mA/3 s). Twenty-four hours later freezing and cardiovascular responses (mean arterial pressure and heart rate) to the conditioning box were measured for 10 min. CBD (15, 30 or 60 nmol) or vehicle was administered 10 min before the re-exposure to the aversive context. The second experiment was similar to the first one except that animals received microinjections of the 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY100635 (0.37 nmol) 5 min before CBD (30 nmol) treatment. The results showed that CBD (30 and 60 nmol) treatment significantly reduced the freezing and attenuated the cardiovascular responses induced by re-exposure to the aversive context. Moreover, WAY100635 by itself did not change the cardiovascular and behavioral response to context, but blocked the CBD effects. These results suggest that CBD can act in the BNST to attenuate aversive conditioning responses and this effect seems to involve 5-HT1A receptor-mediated neurotransmission. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/03685-3 - Neurotransmissores típicos e atípicos em transtornos neuropsiquiátricos
Beneficiário:Francisco Silveira Guimaraes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático