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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

RELATIONAL DISCRIMINATION BY PIGEONS IN A GO/NO-GO PROCEDURE WITH COMPOUND STIMULI: A METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Campos, Heloisa Cursi ; Debert, Paula [1] ; Barros, Romariz da Silva [2] ; McIlvane, William J. [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Expt Psychol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Para, BR-66059 Belem, Para - Brazil
[3] Univ Massachusetts, Sch Med, Amherst, MA 01003 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 96, n. 3, p. 417-426, NOV 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

A go/no-go procedure with compound stimuli typically establishes emergent behavior that parallels in structure and typical outcome that of conventional tests for symmetric, transitive, and equivalence relations in normally capable adults. The present study employed a go/no-go compound stimulus procedure with pigeons. During training, pecks to two-component compounds A1B1, A2B2, B1C1, and B2C2 were followed by food. Pecks to compounds A1B2, A2B1, B1C2, and B2C1 re-started the 30-s stimulus presentation interval. The absence of pecking to those compounds for 30 s ended the trial. Subsequent tests presented these components in new spatial arrangements and/or in recombinative compounds that together corresponded to conventional tests of symmetry, transitivity, and equivalence: B1A1, B2A2, C1B1, C2B2, A1C1, A2C2, C1A1, C2A2 vs. B1A2, B2A1, C1B2, C2B1, A1C2, A2C1, C1A2, C2A1 (positive vs. negative instances of symmetric, transitive, and equivalence relations). On tests for symmetric relations, all pigeons behaved in a manner consistent with training on both positive instances (i.e., by responding) and on negative instances (i.e., by not responding). By contrast, the pigeons' behavior on tests for transitivity and equivalence was inconsistent with baseline training, thus failing to show the recombinative discrimination performance that is typical of normally capable humans when trained and tested using the go/no-go procedure with compound stimuli. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático