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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The use of auxiliary courts by the lek-forming White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus (Aves, Pipridae)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Cestari, Cesar [1] ; Pizo, Marco Aurelio [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho Un, Dept Zool, BR-13506900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ACTA ETHOLOGICA; v. 15, n. 1, p. 73-79, APR 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The White-bearded Manakin is a passerine specially noted for elaborate courtship. Each resident male has a cleaned oval court delimited by saplings in leks. No study mentions the use of more than one court by a territorial male during the breeding season. We report the use of auxiliary courts by males in the lowland forest of southeastern Brazil and discuss its probable function in attracting females for mating. Additionally, we experimentally modified a male's main courts, testing that auxiliary courts serve as alternative display places. Twelve males from four different leks were observed for 145 h. Six males used from one to four auxiliary courts located 1.0 to 8.1 m from their main courts. The males that also used auxiliary courts displayed more than males that used only the main court. Nevertheless, the proportion of female visits per display time indicates that males that used only the main court have greater efficiency in attracting potential mates. Individual males responded differently to the experimental modification of their main courts, but one male avoided the modified court. The use of auxiliary courts may be a strategy adopted mainly by peripheral males to attract females that visit more successful males with central territories on the lek. In the short term, auxiliary courts function as optional display places in cases of loss of the main court. In the long term, the use of auxiliary courts may be involved in the temporal persistence of lek areas. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/17577-3 - Dispersão de sementes por Manacus manacus (Aves, Pipridae) em áreas com e sem atividades de lek: contribuição da espécie para manutenção do ecossistema de restinga
Beneficiário:Marco Aurelio Pizo Ferreira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular