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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Germline copy number variations and cancer predisposition

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Autor(es):
Victorino Krepischi, Ana Cristina [1, 2] ; Pearson, Peter Lees [3] ; Rosenberg, Carla [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] AC Camargo Hosp, CIPE, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Nat Inst Sci & Technol Oncogen, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Biosci Inst, Dept Genet & Evolutionary Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: FUTURE ONCOLOGY; v. 8, n. 4, p. 441-450, APR 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 40
Resumo

We present an overview of the role of germline copy number variations (CNVs) in cancer predisposition. CNVs represent a significant source of genetic diversity, although the mechanisms by which they influence cancer susceptibility still remain largely unknown. Approximately 100 highly penetrant germline mutant genes are now known to cause cancer predisposition inherited in a Mendelian fashion; in this review, we show that nearly half of these genes have also been observed as rare CNVs associated with cancer. However, these highly penetrant alleles seem to account for less than 5% of all familial cancers. We surmise that most of the genetic risk of cancer in the general population must largely involve genes of low or moderate penetrance. In the last 5 years, studies have demonstrated that although common low penetrant CNVs are modest contributors to cancer individually, their combined impact on cancer predisposition must be taken into account in estimating cancer risk. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57887-9 - Instituto Nacional de Oncogenômica
Beneficiário:Luiz Paulo Kowalski
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/00898-1 - Desequilíbrios genômicos submicroscópicos em quadros clínicos específicos de anomalias congênitas e deficiência mental
Beneficiário:Carla Rosenberg
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático