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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Arterial Spin Labeling Measurements of Cerebral Perfusion Territories in Experimental Ischemic Stroke

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Autor(es):
Leoni, Renata F. [1, 2] ; Paiva, Fernando F. [1, 3] ; Kang, Byeong-Teck [1] ; Henning, Erica C. [4] ; Nascimento, George C. [1] ; Tannus, Alberto [3] ; de Araujo, Draulio B. [5] ; Silva, Afonso C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Neurol Disorders & Stroke, Cerebral Microcirculat Unit, Lab Funct & Mol Imaging, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, FFCLRP, Dept Fis, BR-14040901 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, IFSC, Dept Fis & Informat, BR-13560970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Natl Inst Neurol Disorders & Stroke, Sect Stroke Diagnost & Therapeut, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 - USA
[5] Univ Fed Rio Grande Norte UFRN, Hosp Univ Onorio Lopes, Inst Cerebro, BR-59056045 Natal, RN - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: TRANSLATIONAL STROKE RESEARCH; v. 3, n. 1, SI, p. 44-55, MAR 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Collateral circulation, defined as the supplementary vascular network that maintains cerebral blood flow (CBF) when the main vessels fail, constitutes one important defense mechanism of the brain against ischemic stroke. In the present study, continuous arterial spin labeling (CASL) was used to quantify CBF and obtain perfusion territory maps of the major cerebral arteries in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and their normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) controls. Results show that both WKY and SHR have complementary, yet significantly asymmetric perfusion territories. Right or left dominances were observed in territories of the anterior (ACA), middle and posterior cerebral arteries, and the thalamic artery. Magnetic resonance angiography showed that some of the asymmetries were correlated with variations of the ACA. The leptomeningeal circulation perfusing the outer layers of the cortex was observed as well. Significant and permanent changes in perfusion territories were obtained after temporary occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery in both SHR and WKY, regardless of their particular dominance. However, animals with right dominance presented a larger volume change of the left perfusion territory (23 +/- 9%) than animals with left dominance (7 +/- 5%, P<0.002). The data suggest that animals with contralesional dominance primarily safeguard local CBF values with small changes in contralesional perfusion territory, while animals with ipsilesional dominance show a reversal of dominance and a substantial increase in contralesional perfusion territory. These findings show the usefulness of CASL to probe the collateral circulation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/13399-7 - Desenvolvimento de metodologias para fmri com contrastes obtidos por bold e perfusao asl: abordagem com pulsos adiabaticos.
Beneficiário:Fernando Fernandes Paiva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 05/56663-1 - Centro de imagens e espectroscopia in vivo por ressonância magnética para estudo de modelos animais
Beneficiário:Alberto Tannús
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa CINAPCE - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 06/05706-5 - Avaliação da resposta hemodinâmica em pacientes com estenose carotídea sob estado de hipercapnia
Beneficiário:Renata Ferranti Leoni
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto