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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

New approaches and potential treatments for dry age-related macular degeneration

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Autor(es):
Damico, Francisco Max [1] ; Gasparin, Fabio [1] ; Scolari, Mariana Ramos [1] ; Pedral, Lycia Sampaio [1] ; Takahashi, Beatriz Sayuri [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia; v. 75, n. 1, p. 71-75, JAN-FEB 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 30
Resumo

Emerging treatments for dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and geographic atrophy focus on two strategies that target components involved in physiopathological pathways: prevention of photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium loss (neuro-protection induction, oxidative damage prevention, and visual cycle modification) and suppression of inflammation. Neuroprotective drugs, such as ciliary neurotrophic factor, brimonidine tartrate, tandospirone, and anti-amyloid beta antibodies, aim to prevent apoptosis of retinal cells. Oxidative stress and depletion of essential micronutrients are targeted by the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) formulation. Visual cycle modulators reduce the activity of the photoreceptors and retinal accumulation of toxic fluorophores and lipofuscin. Eyes with dry age-related macular degeneration present chronic inflammation and potential treatments include corticosteroid and complement inhibition. We review the current concepts and rationale of dry age-related macular degeneration treatment that will most likely include a combination of drugs targeting different pathways involved in the development and progression of age-related macular degeneration. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/08331-8 - Estudo da meia-vida biológica do aciclovir no vítreo de coelhos após injeção intravítrea e a influência da liquefação vítrea por hialuronidase
Beneficiário:Mariana Ramos Scolari
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica