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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fatty acid biomarkers of organic matter sources and early diagenetic signatures in sediments from a coastal upwelling area (south-eastern Brazil)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Venturini, Natalia [1, 2] ; Salhi, Maria [1] ; Bessonart, Martin [1] ; Setubal Pires-Vanin, Ana Maria [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Republica, Fac Ciencias, Montevideo - Uruguay
[2] Univ Sao Paulo IOUSP, Inst Oceanog, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CHEMISTRY AND ECOLOGY; v. 28, n. 3, p. 221-238, 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

Sediment bulk parameters and fatty acid biomarkers were used to investigate the relative contribution of major sources of particulate organic matter during upwelling and non-upwelling conditions, at organic enriched sites on the south-eastern Brazilian coast. The degradation state of the organic material and its implications for benthic food webs were also evaluated. Temperature and salinity values indicate the intrusion of the South Atlantic Central Water in spring with a strong influence at station 4S. C:N ratios and fatty acid biomarkers suggest that sedimentary particulate organic matter is mainly autochthonous and originated from phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacteria, with a minor terrestrial contribution. Short-chain saturated fatty acids predominated, indicating the prevalence of partially degraded detritus. An exception was station 4S, where polyunsaturated fatty acids dominated, indicating the input of labile organic matter linked to upwelling of the South Atlantic Central Water. Fatty acid concentrations and the organic carbon content of the sediments suggest that food quantity is not a limiting factor for benthic fauna. Despite the high organic background of the sediments, the sporadic inputs of labile organic matter associated with South Atlantic Central Water intrusions may produce an important impact on benthic fauna and on the biogeochemistry of the sediments. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/00022-0 - Avaliação da fauna bêntica e das áreas impactadas por contaminação orgânica no canal de São Sebastião-SP
Beneficiário:Ana Maria Setubal Pires-Vanin
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular