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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Butterfly communities of urban forest fragments in Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil: Structure, instability, environmental correlates, and conservation

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Autor(es):
Brown, Jr., Keith S. [1] ; Freitas, Andre Victor L. [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Zool, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Museu Hist Nat, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION; v. 6, n. 4, p. 217-231, DEC 2002.
Citações Web of Science: 70
Resumo

A comparative study of butterfly communities in 15 urban/suburban remnants of tropical semideciduous forest in Campinas (Sao Paulo state, SE Brazil; 24 degrees S, 47 degrees W), with areas from 1.0 to 252 ha and widely varying histories and environments, shows that the most significant factors, besides area and sampling time, distinguishing the sites and influencing their diversity (80-702 species) and composition are connectivity, permanent water, vegetation, flowers, and human impact (negative, including pollution). The diversified Nymphalidae butterflies (38-213 species) and especially two fermented-bait-attracted groups (Satyrinae, 2-30 species, and Biblidini, 9-44 species), are among the more useful indicators of the quality and diversity of the environments in these fragments. Effective conservation of butterfly communities in tropical cities may be achieved by maintenance of arboreal green corridors along streets and watercourses between moderately large (>10 ha) humid areas, not near to the most built-up or polluted city centre(s), and the inclusion within these areas of ponds or streams, diversified native forest, and open vegetation including abundant nectar-rich flowers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 00/01484-1 - Borboletas como indicadores ambientais: monitoramento com Nymphalidae (Eurytelinae e Satyrinae)
Beneficiário:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 98/05101-8 - Lepidoptera do Estado de São Paulo: diversidade, distribuição de recursos e uso para análise e monitoramento ambiental
Beneficiário:Keith Spalding Brown Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático