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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Riparian vegetation and water yield: A synthesis

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Autor(es):
Salemi, Luiz Felippe [1] ; Groppo, Juliano Daniel [1] ; Trevisan, Rodrigo [1] ; de Moraes, Jorge Marcos [1, 2] ; Lima, Walter de Paula [3] ; Martinelli, Luiz Antonio [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Isotope Ecol Lab, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Escola Engn Piracicaba, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Forest Hydrol Lab, Escola Super Agr Luiz Queiroz, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: Journal of Hydrology; v. 454, p. 195-202, AUG 6 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

Forested riparian zones perform numerous ecosystem functions, including the following: storing and fixing carbon; serving as wildlife habitats and ecological corridors; stabilizing streambanks; providing shade, organic matter, and food for streams and their biota; retaining sediments and filtering chemicals applied on cultivated/agricultural sites on upslope regions of the catchments. In this paper, we report a synthesis of a different feature of this type of vegetation, which is its effect on water yield. By synthesizing results from studies that used (i) the nested catchment and (ii) the paired catchment approaches, we show that riparian forests decrease water yield on a daily to annual basis. In terms of the treated area increases on average were 1.32 +/- 0.85 mm day(-1) and 483 +/- 309 mm yr(-1), respectively; n = 9. Similarly, riparian forest plantation or regeneration promoted reduced water yield (on average 1.25 +/- 0.34 mm day(-1) and 456 +/- 125 mm yr(-1) on daily and annual basis, respectively, when prorated to the catchment area subjected to treatment; n = 5). Although there are substantially fewer paired catchment studies assessing the effect of this vegetation type compared to classical paired catchment studies that manipulate the entire vegetation of small catchments, our results indicate the same trend. Despite the occurrence of many current restoration programs, measurements of the effect on water yield under natural forest restoration conditions are still lacking. We hope that presenting these gaps will encourage the scientific community to enhance the number of observations in these situations as well as produce more data from tropical regions. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/54292-9 - Estudo do balanço hídrico e balanço biogeoquímico de nitrogênio em uma microbacia de primeira ordem com cobertura de pastagem no litoral norte do Estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Luiz Felippe Salemi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado