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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

How deforestation pattern in the Amazon influences vertebrate richness and community composition

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Autor(es):
Prist, Paula Ribeiro [1] ; Michalski, Fernanda [2, 3] ; Metzger, Jean Paul [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ecol, Biosci Inst, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Amapa, Postgrad Programme Trop Biodivers, BR-68902280 Macapa, AP - Brazil
[3] Procarnivoros Inst, BR-12945010 Atibaia, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY; v. 27, n. 6, p. 799-812, JUL 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

The effects of habitat configuration on species persistence are predicted to be most apparent when remaining habitat cover is below 30%. We tested this prediction by comparing vertebrate communities in 21 landscapes located in the southern Amazonia, including 7 control landscapes (similar to 100% of forest cover) and 14 fragmented landscapes (4 x 4 km). The fragmented landscapes retained similar proportions of forest (similar to 25%), but had contrasting configurations, resulting from two different deforestation patterns: the ``fish-bone pattern{''} common in small properties, and the large-property pattern generally used by large ranchers. Vertebrates were surveyed in all landscapes in February-July 2009 with interviews (n = 150). We found a significant difference in reported species richness among the fish-bone, large-property, and control areas (mean = 29.3, 38.8 and 43.5 respectively). Control areas and large-properties tended to have a higher number of specialist species (mean = 13.7, and 11.7, respectively), when compared with the fish-bone pattern (5.1). Vertebrate community composition in the control and large-properties was more similar to one another than to those of the fish-bone landscapes. The number of fragments was the main factor affecting the persistence of species, being negatively associated with specialist species richness. Species richness was also positively related with the size of the largest fragment structurally connected to the studied landscapes (i.e., a regional scale effect). Our results demonstrated that the large-property pattern, which results in less fragmented landscapes, can maintain a more diverse community of large vertebrates, including top predators, which are considered fundamental for maintaining ecosystem integrity. These results support the hypothesis that landscape configuration contributes to the persistence and/or extirpation of species. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/01252-2 - Respostas ecológicas de mamíferos de médio e grande porte a mudanças na estrutura da paisagem na Floresta Amazônica, Brasil
Beneficiário:Fernanda Michalski
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado