Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ozone formation potentials of volatile organic compounds and ozone sensitivity to their emission in the megacity of Sao Paulo, Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Martins, Leila Droprinchinski [1] ; Andrade, Maria de Fatima [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Atmospher Sci, Inst Astron Geophys & Atmospher Sci, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, Sao Paolo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION; v. 195, n. 1-4, p. 201-213, NOV 2008.
Citações Web of Science: 29
Resumo

In the present study, a three-dimensional Eulerian photochemical model was employed to estimate the impact that organic compounds have on tropospheric ozone formation in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo (MASP). In the year 2000, base case simulations were conducted in two periods: August 22-24 and March 13-15. Based on the pollutant concentrations calculated by the model, the correlation coefficient relative to observations for ozone ranged from 0.91 to 0.93 in both periods. In the simulations employed to evaluate the ozone potential of individual VOCs, as well as the sensitivity of ozone to the VOC/NO(x) emission ratio, the variation in anthropogenic emissions was estimated at 15% (according to tests performed previously variations of 15% were stable). Although there were significant differences between the two periods, ozone concentrations were found to be much more sensitive to VOCs than to NO(x) in both periods and throughout the study domain. In addition, considering their individual rates of emission from vehicles, the species/classes that were most important for ozone formation were as follows: aromatics with a kOH>2x 10(4) ppm(-1) min(-1); olefins with a kOH 7 x 10(4) ppm(-1) min(-1); olefins with a kOH 7 x 10(4) ppm(-1) min(-1); ethene; and formaldehyde, which are the principal species related to the production, transport, storage and combustion of fossil fuels. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/09060-1 - Estudo da formação de oxidantes fotoquímicos e estratégias de controle para a atmosfera de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Leila Droprinchinski Martins
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado