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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fonsecaea pedrosoi infection induces differential modulation of costimulatory molecules and cytokines in monocytes from patients with severe and mild forms of chromoblastomycosis

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Autor(es):
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Teixeira Sousa, Maria Gloria [1] ; Pedrozo e Silva Azevedo, Conceicao de Maria [2] ; Nascimento, Rosana Cicera [1] ; Bou Ghosn, Eliver Eid [1] ; Santiago, Karla Leticia [1] ; Noal, Vanessa [1] ; Bomfim, Gisele Facholi [1] ; Marques, Sirlei Garcia [2] ; Goncalves, Azizedite Guedes [2] ; Lima Santos, Daniel Wagner de Castro [2] ; Almeida, Sandro Rogerio [2]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut, Dept Anal Clin & Toxicol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Maranhao, Dept Patol, Sao Luis Maranhao - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Leukocyte Biology; v. 84, n. 3, p. 864-870, SEP 1 2008.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

The host defense mechanism in chromoblastomycosis has not been thoroughly investigated. It has been suggested that cell- mediated immunity in patients with long- standing chromoblastomycosis is somehow impaired. As a result, these individuals became unable to develop an efficient immune reaction. Many studies have shown that monocyte- derived macrophages exhibit critical activities in immunity to microorganisms. Moreover, the ability of cells from the monocytic lineage to process and present antigens, to produce cytokines, and to provide costimulatory signals confirms their pivotal role in the initiation of specific immune responses. In the present study, it was observed that monocytes from patients with a severe form of disease had a higher production of IL- 10 and a lower expression of HLA- DR and costimulatory molecules when stimulated with specific antigen or LPS. Immune modulation with recombinant IL- 12 or anti- IL- 10 can restore the antigen- specific Th1- type immune response in chromoblastomycosis patients by up- regulating HLA- DR and costimulatory molecules in monocytes. Therefore, our data show that monocytes from patients with different clinical forms of chromoblastomycosis present distinct phenotypic and functional profiles. This observation suggests possible mechanisms that control the T cell response and influence their role in the development of pathology. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/59471-6 - Regulação da resposta imune celular em pacientes com cromoblastomicose
Beneficiário:Sandro Rogerio de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular