Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nest refuse of leaf-cutting ants mineralize faster than leaf fragments: Results from a field experiment in Northeast Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Sousa-Souto, Leandro [1] ; Bueno Guerra, Marcelo Braga [2] ; Ambrogi, Bianca G. [3] ; Pereira-Filho, Edenir R. [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sergipe, Nucleo Grad Ecol, BR-49100000 Aracaju, SE - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Quim, Grp Anal Instrumental Aplicada, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sergipe, Entomol Lab, BR-49100000 Aracaju, SE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY; v. 61, n. SI, p. 131-136, OCT 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Leaf-cutting ants are responsible for carrying out an important ecological process in neotropical ecosystems: the cycling of elements. However, although several studies have demonstrated the accumulation of organic matter inside colonies, little is known about the dynamics of nutrients and its residence time in nest refuse compared to the leaf material harvested by ants. This study compares the nutrient content of nest refuse and leaf material of the leaf-cutting ant Atta sexdens during states of decomposition in a transitional environment between forest and shrub vegetation in Northeastern Brazil. The decomposition rate of the refuse material was two-fold faster than the substrate harvested. In addition, there was a substantial difference in chemical and structural characteristics between both substrates. Refuse material showed higher contents of Ca whereas leaf fragments had a higher P content, more organic carbon (OC), and a higher lignin/cellulose ratio. During the period of decomposition in the field, only OC content decreased simultaneously in both substrates, indicating that changes had occurred mainly in the structure of the substrates with a low transference rate of most nutrients to the surrounding soil. A higher lignin/cellulose ratio in the leaf material may explain the higher residence time of this substrate in the environment. Results indicate that colonies of A. sexdens accelerate the decomposition of organic matter, perhaps due to reduced lignin-cellulose ratio. Organic carbon may be mineralized in the first days after the disposal of the refuse material into the nest chambers. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/08260-3 - Análises químicas de amostras ambientais da Antártica: determinação espectrométrica de Cd, Cr, Ni e Pb, uso de micro-fluorescência de Raios-X com radiação síncrotron e aplicações de ferramentas quimiométricas
Beneficiário:Marcelo Braga Bueno Guerra
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto