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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nanosized precipitates in H13 tool steel low temperature plasma nitriding

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Autor(es):
Zagonel, L. F. [1, 2] ; Bettini, J. [2] ; Basso, R. L. O. [1] ; Paredez, P. [1] ; Pinto, H. [3] ; Lepienski, C. M. [4] ; Alvarez, F. [2, 1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Fis Gleb Wataghin, UNICAMP, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat, Lab Nacl Nanotecnol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Engn Sao Carlos, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Parana, Dept Fis, BR-80060000 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY; v. 207, p. 72-78, AUG 25 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 25
Resumo

A comprehensive study of pulsed nitriding in AISI H13 tool steel at low temperature (400 degrees C) is reported for several durations. X-ray diffraction results reveal that a nitrogen enriched compound (epsilon-Fe2-3N, iron nitride) builds up on the surface within the first process hour despite the low process temperature. Beneath the surface, X-ray Wavelength Dispersive Spectroscopy (WDS) in a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) indicates relatively higher nitrogen concentrations (up to 12 at.%) within the diffusion layer while microscopic nitrides are not formed and existing carbides are not dissolved. Moreover, in the diffusion layer, nitrogen is found to be dispersed in the matrix and forming nanosized precipitates. The small coherent precipitates are observed by High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM) while the presence of nitrogen is confirmed by electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Hardness tests show that the material hardness increases linearly with the nitrogen concentration, reaching up to 14.5 GPa in the surface while the Young Modulus remains essentially unaffected. Indeed, the original steel microstructure is well preserved even in the nitrogen diffusion layer. Nitrogen profiles show a case depth of about similar to 43 mu m after nine hours of nitriding process. These results indicate that pulsed plasma nitriding is highly efficient even at such low temperatures and that at this process temperature it is possible to form thick and hard nitrided layers with satisfactory mechanical properties. This process can be particularly interesting to enhance the surface hardness of tool steels without exposing the workpiece to high temperatures and altering its bulk microstructure. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/53926-1 - Pesquisa e desenvolvimento de novos materiais de interesse em nanotecnologia: aplicações na indústria (micro-) eletrônica e metal-mecânica
Beneficiário:Fernando Alvarez
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático