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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Two structurally discrete GH7-cellobiohydrolases compete for the same cellulosic substrate fiber

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Autor(es):
Segato, Fernando [1, 2] ; Damasio, Andre R. L. [1, 3] ; Goncalves, Thiago Augusto [2] ; Murakami, Mario T. [4] ; Squina, Fabio M. [2] ; Polizeli, Maria de Lourdes T. M. [5] ; Mort, Andrew J. [6] ; Prade, Rolf A. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Oklahoma State Univ, Dept Microbiol & Mol Genet, Stillwater, OK 74078 - USA
[2] Ctr Nacl Pesquisas Energia & Mat, Lab Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Bioetanol CTBE, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Ribeirao Preto Sch Med, Dept Biochem, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Lab Nacl Biociencias LNBio, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, FFCLRP, Biol Dept, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Oklahoma State Univ, Dept Biochem & Mol Biol, Stillwater, OK 74078 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS; v. 5, APR 11 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

Background: Cellulose consisting of arrays of linear beta-1,4 linked glucans, is the most abundant carbon-containing polymer present in biomass. Recalcitrance of crystalline cellulose towards enzymatic degradation is widely reported and is the result of intra-and inter-molecular hydrogen bonds within and among the linear glucans. Cellobiohydrolases are enzymes that attack crystalline cellulose. Here we report on two forms of glycosyl hydrolase family 7 cellobiohydrolases common to all Aspergillii that attack Avicel, cotton cellulose and other forms of crystalline cellulose. Results: Cellobiohydrolases Cbh1 and CelD have similar catalytic domains but only Cbh1 contains a carbohydrate-binding domain (CBD) that binds to cellulose. Structural superpositioning of Cbh1 and CelD on the Talaromyces emersonii Cel7A 3-dimensional structure, identifies the typical tunnel-like catalytic active site while Cbh1 shows an additional loop that partially obstructs the substrate-fitting channel. CelD does not have a CBD and shows a four amino acid residue deletion on the tunnel-obstructing loop providing a continuous opening in the absence of a CBD. Cbh1 and CelD are catalytically functional and while specific activity against Avicel is 7.7 and 0.5 U. mg prot-1, respectively specific activity on pNPC is virtually identical. Cbh1 is slightly more stable to thermal inactivation compared to CelD and is much less sensitive to glucose inhibition suggesting that an open tunnel configuration, or absence of a CBD, alters the way the catalytic domain interacts with the substrate. Cbh1 and CelD enzyme mixtures on crystalline cellulosic substrates show a strong combinatorial effort response for mixtures where Cbh1 is present in 2: 1 or 4: 1 molar excess. When CelD was overrepresented the combinatorial effort could only be partially overcome. CelD appears to bind and hydrolyze only loose cellulosic chains while Cbh1 is capable of opening new cellulosic substrate molecules away from the cellulosic fiber. Conclusion: Cellobiohydrolases both with and without a CBD occur in most fungal genomes where both enzymes are secreted, and likely participate in cellulose degradation. The fact that only Cbh1 binds to the substrate and in combination with CelD exhibits strong synergy only when Cbh1 is present in excess, suggests that Cbh1 unties enough chains from cellulose fibers, thus enabling processive access of CelD. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/18198-3 - Biologia de sistemas das interações microbianas na decomposição do bagaço de cana
Beneficiário:Fábio Márcio Squina
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Internacional