Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Can seasonal differences influence food web structure on preserved habitats? Responses from two Brazilian streams

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ceneviva-Bastos, M. [1] ; Casatti, L. [1] ; Uieda, V. S. [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Bot & Zool, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Zool, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: COMMUNITY ECOLOGY; v. 13, n. 2, p. 243-252, DEC 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Many studies on Neotropical streams have reported seasonal in the diet of fish, although studies that evaluate the influence of these temporal difference on the entire web are very scarce. under the hypothesis that trophic interactions and the food web structure are under seasonal influences, two forested streams (named S1 and S2) were sampled during the wet and dry periods. The samplings were conducted in August 2007 and April 2008 and included algae, macrophytes, plankton, macroinvertebrates, and fish. All heterotrophic taxa sampled were submitted to diet analysis. The similarity among samples was estimated by a cluster analysis using quantitative data of environmental variables. community attributes, and food web properties. A total of 2,250 individuals of 139 trophic species were identified. The food webs were mainly detritus-based, which resulted in a great proportion of trophic species at the first trophic level and high omnivory in all samples. All fish species were top species because they had no predators. The S1 stream, predominantly composed of a sandy substrate, presented lower abundance than the predominantly rocky S2 stream in both dry and wet periods, although richness was similar. Cluster analysis demonstrated that environmental attributes were more similar between seasons, community attributes were more similar between streams, and food web parameters were very similar (94% similarity) both between streams and seasons. Therefore, we conclude that although environmental attributes varied temporally and community attributes varied spatially, the trophic relationships and overall food web structure of these preserved streams remain similar. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/04820-3 - Fauna e flora de fragmentos florestais remanescentes no noroeste paulista: base para estudos de conservação da biodiversidade
Beneficiário:Orlando Necchi Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 06/04937-3 - Riachos em fragmentos florestais: a estrutura das tramas alimentares é afetada pela sazonalidade e pela cobertura ripária?
Beneficiário:Mônica Ceneviva Bastos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado