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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Seed ontogeny and endosperm chemical analysis in Smilax polyantha (Smilacaceae)

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Martins, Aline Redondo [1] ; Carmello-Guerreiro, Sandra Maria [2] ; Buckeridge, Marcos Silveira [3] ; Silva, Clovis Oliveira [3] ; Appezzato-da-Gloria, Beatriz [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] ESALQ USP, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] IB UNICAMP, Dept Biol Vegetal, Inst Biol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] IBUSP USP, Dept Bot, Inst Biociencias, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Australian Journal of Botany; v. 60, n. 8, p. 693-699, 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 3

Smilax polyantha Grisebach is a species native to the Brazilian Cerrado biome and is known as sarsaparilla in folk medicine. Despite its popular use, little is known about the propagation of this species, which is still actively illegally exploited. The present study aims to analyse the seed ontogeny and perform endosperm chemical analyses in S. polyantha to elucidate the structural and chemical factors that could be associated with the low germination rates and structural organisation of the seed. The ovules are orthotropic and bitegmic, have short funicles, single collateral vascular bundles that end in the chalaza, and a hypostasis that is composed of chalazal and nucellar cells. The seed covering is non-multiplicative. In mature seeds, the cellularised endosperm has thick-walled cells, the embryo is small and the tegmen comprises two layers of periclinal elongated cells with a red-orange content, which are covered by a cuticle. Histochemical tests detected the presence of lipids, proteins and polysaccharides in the cellular content of mature seeds. Chemical analyses indicated 46.7% hemicellulose per total weight, 67.3% glucose, 30.7% mannose, 1.9% galactose and an absence of fucose, arabinose and rhamnose. In conclusion, the delayed seed germination in S. polyantha is associated with the seed endosperm cell walls. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/54984-5 - Morfoanatomia dos órgãos vegetativos e perfil químico de espécies do gênero Smilax L. (Smilacaceae)
Beneficiário:Aline Redondo Martins
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 05/58964-9 - Morfoanatomia dos órgãos vegetativos e perfil químico de espécies do gênero Smilax L. (Smilacaceae)
Beneficiário:Beatriz Appezzato da Glória
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular