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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Delimiting genetic units in Neotropical toads under incomplete lineage sorting and hybridization

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Thome, Maria Tereza C. [1] ; Zamudio, Kelly R. [2] ; Haddad, Celio F. B. [1] ; Alexandrino, Joao [3, 1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, BR-19913506 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Cornell Univ, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Ithaca, NY 14853 - USA
[3] UNIFESP Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BMC Evolutionary Biology; v. 12, DEC 11 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 17

Background: Delimiting genetic units is useful to enhance taxonomic discovery and is often the first step toward understanding evolutionary mechanisms generating diversification. The six species within the Rhinella crucifer group of toads were defined under morphological criteria alone. Previous data suggest limited correspondence of these species to mitochondrial lineages, and morphological intergradation at transitions between forms suggests hybridization. Here we extensively sampled populations throughout the geographic distribution of the group and analyzed mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data to delimit genetic units using tree-based and allele frequency-based approaches. Results: These approaches yielded complementary results, with allele frequency-based methods performing unexpectedly well given the limited number of loci examined. Both mitochondrial and nuclear markers supported a genetic structure of five units within the group, with three of the inferred units distributed within its main range, while two other units occur in separate isolates. The inferred units are mostly discordant with currently described forms: unequivocal association exists for only two of the six species in the group. Genetic evidence for hybridization exists for two pairs of units, with clear cyto-nuclear allele mixing observed in one case. Conclusions: Our results confirmed that current taxonomy does not represent evolutionary units in the Rhinella crucifer group. Correspondence between genetically distinguishable units and the currently recognized species is only possible for Rhinella henseli and R. inopina. The recognition of other species relies on the reassessment of the geographic range of R. crucifer, the examination of the type series of R. ornata for hybrids, and on the use of additional markers to verify the genetic distinctiveness of R. abei. We state that R. pombali should not remain a valid species since its description appears to be based on hybrids, and that the name R. pombali should be considered a synonym of both R. crucifer and R. ornata. The fifth inferred but undescribed genetic unit may represent a new species. Our results underscore the potential of the R. crucifer species group to contribute to a better understanding of diversification processes and hybridization patterns in the Neotropics, and provide the basis for future evolutionary and taxonomic studies. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/52727-5 - Biogeografia, filogeografia e diversificação de anuros endêmicos da Mata Atlântica do Brasil
Beneficiário:João Miguel de Barros Alexandrino
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 07/52136-2 - Filogenia e filogeografia das espécies de Rhinella do grupo crucifer (Anura: Bufonidae)
Beneficiário:Maria Tereza Chiarioni Thomé
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 06/56938-3 - Biogeografia, filogeografia e diversificacao de anuros endemicos da mata atlantica do brasil.
Beneficiário:João Miguel de Barros Alexandrino
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 08/50928-1 - Especiação de anfíbios anuros em ambientes de altitude
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático