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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Altered levels of cytokines and inflammatory mediators in plasma and leukocytes of sickle cell anemia patients and effects of hydroxyurea therapy

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Lanaro, C. ; Franco-Penteado, C. F. ; Albuqueque, D. M. ; Saad, S. T. O. ; Conran, N. ; Costa, F. F. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Ciencias Med, Sch Med, Hematol & Hemotherapy Ctr, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Leukocyte Biology; v. 85, n. 2, p. 235-242, Feb. 2009.
Área do conhecimento: Ciências Biológicas - Farmacologia
Notas: O artigo consta como produto de três processos: 07/50853-9 em nome de Nicola Amanda Conran Zorzetto; 07/54870-5 em nome de Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad; e 08/57895-1 em nome de Fernando Ferreira Costa
Citações Web of Science: 95
Assunto(s):Expressão gênica   Células sanguíneas   Neutrófilos   Quimiocinas   Enzimas   Heme oxigenase (desciclizante)
Resumo

Inflammation, cell adhesion to vascular endothelium, and endothelial injury contribute to sickle cell anemia (SCA) vaso-occlusion. Although alterations in inflammatory cytokines and biomarkers have been related, reports have been conflicting, and a conclusive role for these molecules in the disease remains to be established. Furthermore, the effect of hydroxyurea therapy (HU) on the release of inflammatory mediators is not understood. This study aimed to determine plasma levels and leukocyte gene expressions of inflammatory mediators in healthy controls, steady-state SCA patients, and SCA patients on HU therapy. TNF-alpha, IL-8, and PGE(2) levels were significantly higher in the plasma of SCA individuals when compared with control individuals. HU therapy was associated with a significant reversal of augmented TNF-alpha and, interestingly, increased plasma anti-inflammatory IL-10. IFN-gamma, IL-10, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) gene expressions were unaltered in SCA mononuclear cells (MC); however, gene expressions of TNF-alpha, IL-8, and the protective enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were significantly higher. HU therapy was not associated with significantly altered SCA MC inflammatory gene expression, although COX-2 mRNA expression was decreased. In SCA neutrophils, gene expressions of IL-8, IFN-gamma, iNOS, and HO-1 were significantly higher than those of control subjects. Patients on HU demonstrated lower iNOS and higher IL-10 neutrophil gene expressions. Taken together, data suggest that alterations in the gene expressions and productions of a number of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators are present in SCA and importantly, in those patients on HU therapy. Knowledge of these pathways may contribute to further the understanding of the pathophysiology of this disease. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/54870-5 - Functional characterization of the protein and its role in cellular proliferation and leukemogenesis
Beneficiário:Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 08/57895-1 - Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Sangue
Beneficiário:Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 07/50853-9 - Investigação das propriedades adesivas e vias de sinalização de neutrófilos e plaquetas, e seu papel em doenças inflamatórias
Beneficiário:Nicola Amanda Conran Zorzetto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular