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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Emergent relations in pigeons following training with temporal samples

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Autor(es):
Huziwara, Edson M. [1, 2] ; Velasco, Saulo M. [1, 2] ; Tomanari, Gerson Y. [1, 2] ; de Souza, Deisy G. [3, 2] ; Machado, Armando D. [4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Comportamento Cognicao, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Minho, Minho - Portugal
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: LEARNING & BEHAVIOR; v. 41, n. 2, p. 192-204, JUN 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

In two experiments, we investigated emergent conditional relations in pigeons using a symbolic matching-to-sample task with temporal stimuli as the samples and hues as the comparisons. Both experiments comprised three phases. In Phase I, pigeons learned to choose a red keylight (R) but not a green keylight (G) after a 1-s signal. They also learned to choose G but not R after a 4-s signal. In Phase II, correct responding consisted of choosing a blue keylight (B) after a 4-s signal and a yellow keylight (Y) after a 16-s signal. Comparisons G and B were both related to the same 4-s sample, whereas comparisons R and Y had no common sample. In Phase III, R and G were presented as samples, and B and Y were presented as the comparisons. The choice of B was correct following G, and the choice of Y was correct following R. If a relation between comparisons that shared a common sample were to emerge, then responding to B given G would be more likely than responding to Y given R. The results were generally consistent with this prediction, suggesting, for the first time in pigeons, the emergence of novel relations that involve temporal stimuli as nodal samples. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático