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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Calibration of an Empirical Thermometer and Oxybarometer based on the Partitioning of Sc, Y and V between Olivine and Silicate Melt

Texto completo
Mallmann, Guilherme [1] ; O'Neill, Hugh St C. [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, BR-05508080 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Earth Sci, Canberra, ACT 0200 - Australia
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY; v. 54, n. 5, p. 933-949, MAY 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 38

The evolution of basaltic magmas depends on their redox state, hence oxygen fugacity, but there is increasing evidence that this intensive thermodynamic variable may be less well understood in basalts than commonly supposed. The redox state of terrestrial basalts has to a large extent been inferred from the Fe3+/Fe2+ ratios of their quenched glasses. However, this quantity appears to be significantly affected during late and post-eruptive processes in magmatic systems (e.g. by degassing, charge-transfer reactions of redox-variable species, and alteration), so that the degree to which the Fe3+/Fe2+ ratios preserved in basaltic glasses reflect the oxidation state of the magma at high temperature is unclear. Because olivine is the first silicate mineral to crystallize from primitive basaltic liquids on cooling following decompression, the equilibrium partitioning relations preserved in olivine phenocrysts in basalts are, in principle, less disturbed by these late and post-eruptive processes and, therefore, may better reflect the high-temperature (pre-eruptive) conditions of the magma. Here we calibrate an oxybarometer based on the strong sensitivity of the partitioning of vanadium between olivine and silicate melt to oxygen fugacity. Our empirical parameterization, calibrated over a range of redox conditions between four log(10) units above and below the quartz-fayalite-magnetite (QFM) oxygen buffer, takes into account the effects of temperature, olivine composition (i.e. Mg/Fe ratios) and melt composition (namely the activities of CaO, SiO2, AlO1 center dot 5, NaO0 center dot 5 and KO0 center dot 5), and allows oxygen fugacity determinations to within similar to 0 center dot 25 log(10) units. We also explore the sensitivity of the exchange partitioning of Sc and Y between olivine and melt to temperature as a geothermometer. Our calibration indicates that this geothermometer allows temperature to be estimated to within 15 degrees C, but precision is strongly dependent on the Sc and Y measurements in olivine and melt. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/05512-1 - Estudos experimentais de acresção e diferenciação planetária
Beneficiário:Guilherme Mallmann
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores