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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of sublethal doses of imidacloprid in malpighian tubules of africanized Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

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Autor(es):
Rossi, Caroline De Almeida [1] ; Roat, Thaisa Cristina [1] ; Tavares, Daiana Antonia [1] ; Cintra-Socolowski, Priscila [1] ; Malaspina, Osmar [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Dept Biol, Ctr Estudos Insetos Sociais, BR-13506900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE; v. 76, n. 5, p. 552-558, MAY 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 25
Resumo

In Brazil, imidacloprid is a widely used insecticide on agriculture and can harm bees, which are important pollinators. The active ingredient imidacloprid has action on the nervous system of the insects. However, little has been studied about the actions of the insecticide on nontarget organs of insects, such as the Malpighian tubules that make up the excretory and osmoregulatory system. Hence, in this study, we evaluated the effects of chronic exposure to sublethal doses of imidacloprid in Malpighian tubules of Africanized Apis mellifera. In the tubules of treated bees, we found an increase in the number of cells with picnotic nuclei, the lost of part of the cell into the lumen, and a homogenization of coloring cytoplasm. Furthermore, we observed the presence of cytoplasmic vacuolization. We confirmed the increased occurrence of picnotic nuclei by using the Feulgan reaction, which showed the chromatin compaction was more intense in the tubules of bees exposed to the insecticide. We observed an intensification of the staining of the nucleus with Xylidine Ponceau, further verifying the cytoplasmic negative regions that may indicate autophagic activity. Additionally, immunocytochemistry experiments showed TUNEL positive nuclei in exposed bees, implicating increased cell apoptosis after chronic imidacloprid exposure. In conclusion, our results indicate that very low concentrations of imidacloprid lead to cytotoxic activity in the Malpighian tubules of exposed bees at all tested times for exposure and imply that this insecticide can alter honey bee physiology. Microsc. Res. Tech. 76:552558, 2013. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/57122-7 - Procura de compostos líderes para o desenvolvimento racional de novos fármacos e pesticidas a partir bioprospecção da fauna de artrópodes brasileiros
Beneficiário:Mario Sergio Palma
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 08/05018-7 - Efeitos toxicológicos do inseticida fipronil em operárias e rainhas de Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae): atividade neural e proteínas de desintoxicação
Beneficiário:Thaisa Cristina Roat
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado