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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

PtSnNi/C nanoparticle electrocatalysts for the ethanol oxidation reaction: Ni stability study

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Parreira, Luanna Silveira [1] ; Martins da Silva, Julio Cesar [1] ; D'Villa -Silva, Melina [1] ; Simoes, Fernando Carmona [1] ; Garcia, Samara [1] ; Gaubeur, Ivanise [1] ; Liutheviciene Cordeiro, Marco Aurelio [2] ; Leite, Edson Roberto [2] ; dos Santos, Mauro Coelho [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed ABC, CCNH Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Lab Eletroquim & Mat Nanoestruturados, BR-09210170 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Quim, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Electrochimica Acta; v. 96, p. 243-252, APR 30 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 26
Resumo

This work describes the use of Pt3Sn/C, Pt3Ni/C and Pt3SnNi/C nanoparticle electrocatalysts with a 20% metal loading on carbon prepared using the polymeric precursor method for the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR). XRD measurements revealed the presence of segregated Pt and NiO phases in the Pt3Ni/C electrocatalysts, whereas for Pt3SnNi/C, there was some evidence that Ni and Sn atoms are incorporated into the Pt structure with the presence of segregated SnO2 and NiO phases. The mean crystallite sizes were 3.6, 5.7 and 7.2 nm for Pt3Sn/C, Pt3Ni/C, and Pt3SnNi/C, respectively. The onset oxidation potential obtained for the EOR using Pt3SnNi/C was close to 0.22V. Chronoamperometric measurements revealed that the highest current densities for the EOR were obtained using the Pt3SnNi/C nanoparticle electrocatalysts (16 mA mg(Pt)(-1)). Based on the Ni accelerated stress tests, this element was more stable in the ternary material. In contrast, there was a change in the product formation pathways before (acetaldehyde and acetic acid were the primary products) and after the accelerated stress tests (acetaldehyde was the primary product) for the Pt3SnNi/C catalyst. The experimental results indicate that the Pt3SnNi/C electrocatalysts exhibited better electrocatalytic activity compared to the other electrocatalysts for the EOR. It is suggested that this activity is related to the presence of Ni, which can modify the electronic structure of Pt and combine with Sn to facilitate the removal of adsorbed CO on the surface of the Pt, thereby promoting the EOR. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/03037-4 - Estudo do mecanismo de degradação dos catalisadores anódicos e catódicos de uma célula a combustível de álcool direto
Beneficiário:Fernando Carmona Simões
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/09145-6 - Estudo do mecanismo de oxidação eletroquímica de etanol com eletrocatalisadores de PtSn, PtCe e PtSnCe utilizando técnicas espectroscópicas in-situ
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Fernando Brambilla de Souza
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/16511-6 - Nanoestruturas para a geração de energia a partir de biocombustível
Beneficiário:Mauro Coelho dos Santos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular