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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

CYP21A2 Genotypes do not Predict the Severity of Hyperandrogenic Manifestations in the Nonclassical Form of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Moura-Massari, V. O. [1] ; Bugano, D. D. G. [2] ; Marcondes, J. A. M. [1] ; Gomes, L. G. [1] ; Mendonca, B. B. [1] ; Bachega, T. A. S. S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Disciplina Endocrinol, Hosp Clin, Unidade Suprarrenal, Lab Hormonios & Genet Mol LIM, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Dept Clin Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Hormone and Metabolic Research; v. 45, n. 4, p. 301-307, APR 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

There is a strong correlation between the severity of genotypes and 17OH-progesterone levels in patients with the nonclassical form of 21-hydroxylase deficiency (NC-CAH); however, there are few studies regarding the correlation with clinical signs. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether genotypes correlate with the severity of the hyperandrogenic phenotype. A cohort of 114 NC-CAH patients were diagnosed by stimulated-17OHP >= 10 ng/ml. CYP21A2 genotypes were divided into 2 groups according to the severity of enzymatic impairment; mild and severe. Clinical data and hormonal profiles were compared between the 2 groups. Age at onset of manifestations did not differ between children or adults carrying both mild and severe genotypes. Frequencies of precocious pubarche and hirsutism, with or without menstrual abnormalities, were similar between the 2 groups. There were no differences in basal testosterone levels of adult symptomatic females carrying both genotypes, but there were differences between adult females with (92.9 +/- 49.5 ng/dl) and without hirsutism (43.8 +/- 38 ng/dl) (p=0.0002). Similar frequencies of both genotypes were observed in asymptomatic females and in those with clitoromegaly. Nonclassical genotypes do not predict the severity of phenotype. Asymptomatic and virilized females carrying the same genotype suggest that there is a modulatory effect of genes involved in the androgen pathway on the phenotype. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/04726-0 - Caracterização molecular das doenças endócrinas congênitas que afetam o crescimento e o desenvolvimento
Beneficiário:Ana Claudia Latronico Xavier
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 08/51624-6 - Análise de genes moduladores do fenótipo da forma não clássica da deficiência da 21-hidroxilase
Beneficiário:Vivian de Oliveira Moura
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado