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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

POLARIMETRIC OBSERVATIONS OF sigma ORIONIS E

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Carciofi, A. C. [1] ; Faes, D. M. [1] ; Townsend, R. H. D. [2] ; Bjorkman, J. E. [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfericas, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Astron, Madison, WI 53706 - USA
[3] Univ Toledo, Dept Phys & Astron, Ritter Observ, Toledo, OH 43606 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astrophysical Journal Letters; v. 766, n. 1 MAR 20 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

Some massive stars possess strong magnetic fields that confine plasma in the circumstellar environment. These magnetospheres have been studied spectroscopically, photometrically, and, more recently, interferometrically. Here we report on the first firm detection of a magnetosphere in continuum linear polarization, as a result of monitoring sigma Ori E at the Pico dos Dias Observatory. The non-zero intrinsic polarization indicates an asymmetric structure whose minor elongation axis is oriented 150 degrees.0 east of the celestial north. A modulation of the polarization was observed with a period of half of the rotation period, which supports the theoretical prediction of the presence of two diametrally opposed, corotating blobs of gas. A phase lag of -0.085 was detected between the polarization minimum and the primary minimum of the light curve, suggestive of a complex shape of the plasma clouds. We present a preliminary analysis of the data with the Rigidly Rotating Magnetosphere model, which could not reproduce simultaneously the photometric and polarimetric data. A toy model comprising two spherical corotating blobs joined by a thin disk proved more successful in reproducing the polarization modulation. With this model we were able to determine that the total scattering mass of the thin disk is similar to the mass of the blobs (2M(b)/M-d = 1.2) and that the blobs are rotating counterclockwise on the plane of the sky. This result shows that polarimetry can provide a diagnostic of the geometry of clouds, which will serve as an important constraint for improving the Rigidly Rotating Magnetosphere model. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/19029-0 - Modelos tridimensionais de transporte radiativo: uma ponte entre teoria e observações
Beneficiário:Alex Cavaliéri Carciofi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 09/54006-4 - Um cluster de computadores para o Departamento de Astronomia do IAG-USP e para o Núcleo de Astrofísica da UNICSUL
Beneficiário:Elisabete Maria de Gouveia Dal Pino
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 10/19060-5 - Uma visão interferométrica de discos de estrelas quentes
Beneficiário:Daniel Moser Faes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado