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Eucalyptus grandis and Acacia mangium in monoculture and intercropped plantations: Evolution of soil and litter microbial and chemical attributes during early stages of plant development

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Bini, Daniel [1] ; dos Santos, Cristiane Alcantara [1] ; Bouillet, Jean-Pierre [2, 3] ; de Morais Goncalves, Jose Leonardo [2] ; Bran Nogueira Cardoso, Elke Jurandy [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Ciencia Solo, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Ciencias Florestais, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] SupAgro CIRAD INRA IRD, CIRAD, UMR Ecol Fonct & Biogeochim Sols & Agroecosyst, F-34060 Montpellier - France
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY; v. 63, p. 57-66, JAN 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 27
Resumo

Soil microorganisms and microbial processes are influenced by the quality and quantity of plant waste entering the soil, by its seasonal and spatial distribution, by the ratio of above- to below-ground inputs, and by changes in nutrient inputs. Soil management strategies sometimes promote mixed-species plantations to mitigate the loss of soil nutrients and improve biogeochemical cycling. The objective of this study was to explore changes in microbiological and chemical attributes of soils and litter in the early stages of the second rotation of mixed and pure plantations of Eucalyptus grandis and Acacia mangium, and to look for correlations between attributes. Soil samples at 0-10 cm depth were collected two, seven, 14, and 20 months after planting in the following treatments: monocultures of A. mangium and E. grandis, a monoculture of E. grandis with N-fertilizer, and an intercropped plantation with E. grandis and A. mangium. Microbial soil attributes varied dramatically between treatments 20 months after planting. Total C, N and P contents in litter showed the strongest correlations with microbial biomass C and N (C-mic and N-mic), microbial respiration, and dehydrogenase activity in all sampling periods. Lower C/N and C/P ratios in litter and lower C/N and C-mic/tC ratios in soils after 20 months in the intercropped plantation illustrated the system's capacity for supplying inputs of high-quality organic matter rich in N and P, but this did not result in higher contents of these elements or greater microbial activity in soils. An implication of this finding is that, at least in the initial growth phase of these plantations, chemical attributes of the litter and variation in those attributes govern microbial processes and, consequently, are mostly responsible for plant development. Canonical discriminant analysis revealed changes in the microbiological and chemical attributes of soil in the intercropped plantation due to the plants growth and the leaf litter accumulation. Twenty months after planting, the different plantations could be discriminated by differences in litter chemistry (C, N, and P), total soil C, N-mic, and dehydrogenase activity, which were very similar in intercropped plantations and E. grandis with N-fertilizer. These results from the early stages of plantation development are important for understanding the dynamics of soil attributes in these systems, and especially in intercropped plantations. In intercropped areas the cumulative effect of microbial attributes reflects a more sustainable system. Long-term studies are needed to identify patterns that develop after 20 months, during the growth period of these plantations. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/16623-9 - Intensificação ecológica de plantações de eucaliptos pela associação com espécies leguminosas arbóreas fixadoras de nitrogênio
Beneficiário:José Leonardo de Moraes Gonçalves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático