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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Combining phylogeography and landscape genetics of Xenopipo atronitens (Aves: Pipridae), a white sand campina specialist, to understand Pleistocene landscape evolution in Amazonia

Texto completo
Capurucho, Joao Marcos G. [1] ; Cornelius, Cintia [2] ; Borges, Sergio Henrique [3] ; Cohn-Haft, Mario [4] ; Aleixo, Alexandre [5] ; Metzger, Jean Paul [6] ; Ribas, Camila C. [4]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Programa Posgrad Ecol, BR-69060001 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Amazonas, BR-69077000 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[3] Fundacao Vitoria Amazon, BR-69060093 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[4] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, BR-69060001 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[5] Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, BR-66040170 Belem, Para - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society; v. 110, n. 1, p. 60-76, SEP 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 26

Open vegetation (campinas and campinaranas) associated with white sand patches occurs in the form of islands in a forested matrix throughout the Amazon basin. Bird species restricted to these habitats have patchy distributions, although connectivity may have been influenced by past glacial cycles as a result of the substitution of forest by savanna. Because these landscape changes are a matter of debate in the history of Amazonia, we studied the diversification of Xenopipo atronitens, a white sand specialist, aiming to infer the effects of past climate changes. The split of Xenopipo atronitens from its sister species, Xenopipo uniformis, may be related to Tepuis erosion and retreat of escarpments during the Miocene, or to a dispersal event. Compared with birds from terra firme forest, X.atronitens has low genetic structure. Low levels of unidirectional gene flow were found from the Guyana Shield to adjacent areas. Demographic expansion starting approximately 25 kyr BP was detected for some populations and is probably related to the Last Glacial Maximum and subsequent climate improvement. Landscape genetic analyses indicate that the forested (terra firme) matrix acts as a barrier for the dispersal of X.atronitens. The results of the present study indicate that glacial cycles have deeply influenced Amazonian biogeographical history, demonstrating a complex interaction between forest and nonforest habitats during the Pleistocene.(c) 2013 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2013, 110, 60-76. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/53365-0 - Áreas de vegetação aberta e ciclos climáticos na Amazônia Central: padrões de genética da paisagem como indicadores do fluxo gênico atual em uma paisagem naturalmente fragmentada
Beneficiário:Jean Paul Walter Metzger
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular