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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Unraveling the structure of sugarcane bagasse after soaking in concentrated aqueous ammonia (SCAA) and ethanol production by Scheffersomyces (Pichia) stipitis

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Chandel, Anuj K. [1] ; Antunes, Felipe A. F. [1] ; Silva, Messias B. [2] ; da Silva, Silvio Silverio [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Engn Sch Lorena, Dept Biotechnol, BR-12602810 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Engn Sch Lorena, Dept Chem Engn, BR-12602810 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS; v. 6, JUL 15 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

Background: Fuel ethanol production from sustainable and largely abundant agro-residues such as sugarcane bagasse (SB) provides long term, geopolitical and strategic benefits. Pretreatment of SB is an inevitable process for improved saccharification of cell wall carbohydrates. Recently, ammonium hydroxide-based pretreatment technologies have gained significance as an effective and economical pretreatment strategy. We hypothesized that soaking in concentrated aqueous ammonia-mediated thermochemical pretreatment (SCAA) would overcome the native recalcitrance of SB by enhancing cellulase accessibility of the embedded holocellulosic microfibrils. Results: In this study, we designed an experiment considering response surface methodology (Taguchi method, L-8 orthogonal array) to optimize sugar recovery from ammonia pretreated sugarcane bagasse (SB) by using the method of soaking in concentrated aqueous ammonia (SCAA-SB). Three independent variables: ammonia concentration, temperature and time, were selected at two levels with center point. The ammonia pretreated bagasse (SCAA-SB) was enzymatically hydrolysed by commercial enzymes (Celluclast 1.5 L and Novozym 188) using 15 FPU/g dry biomass and 17.5 Units of beta-glucosidase/g dry biomass at 50 degrees C, 150 rpm for 96 h. A maximum of 28.43 g/l reducing sugars corresponding to 0.57 g sugars/g pretreated bagasse was obtained from the SCAA-SB derived using a 20% v/v ammonia solution, at 70 degrees C for 24 h after enzymatic hydrolysis. Among the tested parameters, pretreatment time showed the maximum influence (p value, 0.053282) while ammonia concentration showed the least influence (p value, 0.612552) on sugar recovery. The changes in the ultra-structure and crystallinity of native SCAA-SB and enzymatically hydrolysed SB were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and solid-state C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The enzymatic hydrolysates and solid SCAA-SB were subjected to ethanol fermentation under separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) by Scheffersomyces (Pichia) stipitis NRRL Y-7124 respectively. Higher ethanol production (10.31 g/l and yield, 0.387 g/g) was obtained through SSF than SHF (3.83 g/l and yield, 0.289 g/g). yConclusions: SCAA treatment showed marked lignin removal from SB thus improving the accessibility of cellulases towards holocellulose substrate as evidenced by efficient sugar release. The ultrastructure of SB after SCAA and enzymatic hydrolysis of holocellulose provided insights of the degradation process at the molecular level. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/11258-0 - Desenvolvimento de processos de sacarificação e co-fermentação simultânea usando cultura mista de leveduras para produção de etanol usando bagaço de cana pré-tratado por amônia
Beneficiário:Anuj Kumar
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/57926-4 - Etanol: pesquisa e desenvolvimento visando ao aproveitamento integrado do bagaço de cana-de-açúcar para a produção biotecnológica do etanol lignocelulósico
Beneficiário:Silvio Silvério da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático