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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

THE FUTURE OF THE SUN: AN EVOLVED SOLAR TWIN REVEALED BY CoRoT

Texto completo
Autor(es):
do Nascimento, Jr., J. -D. [1] ; Takeda, Y. [2] ; Melendez, J. [3] ; da Costa, J. S. [1] ; Porto de Mello, G. F. [4] ; Castro, M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande Norte UFRN, DFTE, BR-59072970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[2] Natl Astron Observ Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 1818588 - Japan
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Astron IAG USP, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Observ Valongo, BR-20080090 Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astrophysical Journal Letters; v. 771, n. 2 JUL 10 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

The question of whether the Sun is peculiar within the class of solar-type stars has been the subject of active investigation over the past three decades. Although several solar twins have been found with stellar parameters similar to those of the Sun (albeit in a range of Li abundances and with somewhat different compositions), their rotation periods are unknown, except for 18 Sco, which is younger than the Sun and with a rotation period shorter than solar. It is difficult to obtain rotation periods for stars of solar age from ground-based observations, as a low-activity level implies a shallow rotational modulation of their light curves. CoRoT has provided space-based long time series from which the rotation periods of solar twins as old as the Sun could be estimated. Based on high-signal-to-noise, high-resolution spectroscopic observations gathered at the Subaru Telescope, we show that the star CoRoT ID 102684698 is a somewhat evolved solar twin with a low Li abundance. Its rotation period is 29 +/- 5 days, compatible with its age (6.7 Gyr) and low lithium content, A(Li) less than or similar to 0.85 dex. Interestingly, our CoRoT solar twin seems to have enhanced abundances of the refractory elements with respect to the Sun, a typical characteristic of most nearby twins. With a magnitude V less than or similar to 14.1, ID 102684698 is the first solar twin revealed by CoRoT, the farthest field solar twin so far known, and the only solar twin older than the Sun for which a rotation period has been determined. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/17510-3 - Influência da formação de planetas na composição química de estrelas do tipo solar
Beneficiário:Jorge Luis Melendez Moreno
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/24392-2 - Espectroscopia de alta precisão: impacto no estudo de planetas, estrelas, a galáxia e cosmologia
Beneficiário:Jorge Luis Melendez Moreno
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático