Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Kinetic study of the isomerization reaction HCnN -> HCn-1NC (n=1, 3 and 5)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Vichietti, R. M. [1] ; Haiduke, R. L. A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Dept Quim & Fis Mol, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society; v. 437, n. 3, p. 2351-2360, JAN 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

A particularly interesting family of molecules that has been identified in the interstellar medium is composed by the cyanopolyynes (HCnN, n = 1, 3, 5, ... ). Their isomers, the isocyanopolyynes (HCn-1NC), have also been found in such an environment. Because of this, we have chosen to study the mechanism involved in the isomerization reaction of these species with n = 1, 3 and 5, using quantum chemistry methods at temperatures of 298.15, 500, 700, 1000 and 3000 K. Our results show that the conversion from isocyanopolyynes to cyanopolyynes is an exothermic process with rate constants several orders of magnitude larger than the reverse reaction at lower temperatures. Rate constants of direct and inverse reactions at lower temperatures are also much faster for n = 1 than those observed for longer chains. In turn, the increase in temperature results in large increments of rate constants while isomerization enthalpy changes remain almost unaltered within the examined temperature range. We also provide parameters for the modified Arrhenius equation as obtained from our best calculations, which can be used to predict rate constants from 298.15 to 3000 K. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first kinetic study of such a kind for these isomerization reactions with n = 3 and 5. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/18743-1 - Uso de multipolos da teoria quântica de átomos em moléculas e estudos cinéticos em sistemas encontrados no meio interestelar
Beneficiário:Roberto Luiz Andrade Haiduke
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular