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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Epinephrine depletion exacerbates the fasting-induced protein breakdown in fast-twitch skeletal muscles

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Graca, Flavia A. [1] ; Goncalves, Dawit A. P. [1] ; Silveira, Wilian A. [1] ; Lira, Eduardo C. [1] ; Chaves, Valeria Ernestania [2] ; Zanon, Neusa M. [1] ; Garofalo, Maria Antonieta R. [1] ; Kettelhut, Isis C. [1, 3] ; Navegantes, Luiz C. C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Joao del Rei, Lab Physiol & Pharmacol, Divinopolis, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biochem Immunol, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM; v. 305, n. 12, p. E1483-E1494, DEC 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

The physiological role of epinephrine in the regulation of skeletal muscle protein metabolism under fasting is unknown. We examined the effects of plasma epinephrine depletion, induced by adrenodemedullation (ADMX), on muscle protein metabolism in fed and 2-day-fasted rats. In fed rats, ADMX for 10 days reduced muscle mass, the cross-sectional area of extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle fibers, and the phosphorylation levels of Akt. In addition, ADMX led to a compensatory increase in muscle sympathetic activity, as estimated by the rate of norepinephrine turnover; this increase was accompanied by high rates of muscle protein synthesis. In fasted rats, ADMX exacerbated fasting-induced proteolysis in EDL but did not affect the low rates of protein synthesis. Accordingly, ADMX activated lysosomal proteolysis and further increased the activity of the ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome system (UPS). Moreover, expression of the atrophy-related Ub ligases atrogin-1 and MuRF1 and the autophagy-related genes LC3b and GABARAPl1 were upregulated in EDL muscles from ADMX-fasted rats compared with sham-fasted rats, and ADMX reduced cAMP levels and increased fasting-induced Akt dephosphorylation. Unlike that observed for EDL muscles, soleus muscle proteolysis and Akt phosphorylation levels were not affected by ADMX. In isolated EDL, epinephrine reduced the basal UPS activity and suppressed overall proteolysis and atrogin-1 and MuRF1 induction following fasting. These data suggest that epinephrine released from the adrenal medulla inhibits fasting-induced protein breakdown in fast-twitch skeletal muscles, and these antiproteolytic effects on the UPS and lysosomal system are apparently mediated through a cAMP-Akt-dependent pathway, which suppresses ubiquitination and autophagy. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/11083-6 - Papel da EPAC no controle do metabolismo proteico em músculos esqueléticos
Beneficiário:Wilian de Assis Silveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/06694-6 - Controle neural do metabolismo de proteínas
Beneficiário:Isis Do Carmo Kettelhut
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/11015-0 - Mecanismos intracelulares envolvidos na ação anticatabólica da adrenalina em músculos esqueléticos de ratos jejuados
Beneficiário:Flávia Aparecida Graça
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/24524-6 - Controle da massa muscular pela via de sinalização do AMPc
Beneficiário:Isis Do Carmo Kettelhut
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/07584-2 - Papel das vias de sinalização da Akt/Foxo e MEK/ERK no efeito antiatrófico mediado pelos adrenoceptores B2 em músculo esquelético de roedores
Beneficiário:Dawit Albieiro Pinheiro Gonçalves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado