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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A thermal desorption system for measuring delta C-13 ratios on organic aerosol

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Dusek, U. [1] ; Meusinger, C. [2] ; Oyama, B. [1, 3] ; Ramon, W. [1] ; de Wilde, P. A. [1] ; Holzinger, R. [1] ; Rockmann, T. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Utrecht, Inst Marine & Atmospher Res Utrecht IMAU, NL-3508 TA Utrecht - Netherlands
[2] Univ Copenhagen, CCAR, Dept Chem, DK-1168 Copenhagen - Denmark
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Atmospher Sci, Inst Astron, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF AEROSOL SCIENCE; v. 66, p. 72-82, DEC 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

We developed a system that links a thermal desorption oven for aerosol filter samples to an isotope ratio mass spectrometer (IRMS) via a combustion interface. Organic compounds are desorbed from the filter sample in He at 7 temperature steps between 100 and 400 degrees C and subsequently oxidized to CO2, which is analyzed for delta C-13. We tested the system for isotopic fractionation, reproducibility and linearity using organic test compounds and aerosol filter samples. An oxalic acid standard with known delta C-13 value shows no isotopic fractionation when it is desorbed at temperatures well above its melting point. When organic acids are heated at a temperature close to their melting point only a fraction of the compound (10-80%) evaporates which shows depleted delta C-13 values at this temperature step. At the next higher temperature step, when the rest of the compound is desorbed, delta C-13 values are enriched. This effect is stronger for compounds with a lower molecular weight than for compounds with a higher molecular weight. In ambient samples this should only have a moderate effect on the overall delta C-13 value, since hundreds of different compounds are desorbed at each temperature step. Choosing different values for temperature steps does not strongly change the delta C-13 values for ambient aerosol filter samples. For typical ambient samples the reproducibility lies below +/-0.3 parts per thousand for oven temperatures below 200 degrees C and below +/-0.5 parts per thousand for oven temperatures above 200 degrees C. Tests with oxalic acid and ambient filter samples show that the IRMS is linear for peak areas in the operational range of 1-20 V s. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/17754-2 - Estudo da contribuição de compostos orgânicos nos aerossóis de origem veicular da Cidade de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Beatriz Sayuri Oyama
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado