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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Convergent structure of multitrophic communities over three continents

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Autor(es):
Segar, Simon T. [1, 2] ; Pereira, Rodrigo A. S. [3] ; Compton, Steve G. [4, 5] ; Cook, James M. [1, 6]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Reading, Sch Biol Sci, Reading RG6 6AS, Berks - England
[2] Univ South Bohemia, Fac Sci, Ceske Budejovice 37005 - Czech Republic
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol, FFCLRP, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[4] Rhodes Univ, Dept Zool & Entomol, ZA-6140 Grahamstown - South Africa
[5] Univ Leeds, Sch Biol, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire - England
[6] Univ Western Sydney, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Penrith, NSW 2751 - Australia
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOLOGY LETTERS; v. 16, n. 12, p. 1436-1445, DEC 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 28
Resumo

Ecological theory predicts that communities using the same resources should have similar structure, but evolutionary constraints on colonisation and niche shifts may hamper such convergence. Multitrophic communities of wasps exploiting fig fruits, which first evolved about 75MYA, do not show long-term inheritance' of taxonomic (lineage) composition or species diversity. However, communities on three continents have converged ecologically in the presence and relative abundance of five insect guilds that we define. Some taxa fill the same niches in each community (phylogenetic niche conservatism). However, we show that overall convergence in ecological community structure depends also on a combination of niche shifts by resident lineages and local colonisations of figs by other insect lineages. Our study explores new ground, and develops new heuristic tools, in combining ecology and phylogeny to address patterns in the complex multitrophic communities of insect on plants, which comprise a large part of terrestrial biodiversity. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/10299-4 - Efeitos da fragmentação florestal no funcionamento das populações de figueiras e no mutualismo ficus-vespas de figo
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Augusto Santinelo Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores