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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Sorghum grain yield, forage biomass production and revenue as affected by intercropping time

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Borghi, E. [1] ; Crusciol, C. A. C. [2] ; Nascente, A. S. [3] ; Sousa, V. V. [2] ; Martins, P. O. [2] ; Mateus, G. P. [4] ; Costa, C. [5]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Brazilian Agr Res Corp EMBRAPA, Fisheries Aquaculture & Agr Syst Res Ctr, Palmas, State Tocantins - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Coll Agr Sci, Dept Crop Sci, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] EMBRAPA, Rice & Beans Res Ctr, Santo Antonio De Golds, State Goias - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo Agcy Agribusiness Technol APTA, Andradina, SP - Brazil
[5] UNESP, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Dept Anim Nutr & Breeding, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY; v. 51, p. 130-139, NOV 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 21
Resumo

Sorghum is an excellent alternative to other grains in poor soil where corn does not develop very well, as well as in regions with warm and dry winters. Intercropping sorghum {[}Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] with forage crops, such as palisade grass {[}Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich) Stapf] or guinea grass (Panicum maximum Jacq.), provides large amounts of biomass for use as straw in no-tillage systems or as pasture. However, it is important to determine the appropriate time at which these forage crops have to be sown into sorghum systems to avoid reductions in both sorghum and forage production and to maximize the revenue of the cropping system. This study, conducted for three growing seasons at Botucatu in the State of Sao Paulo in Brazil, evaluated how nutrient concentration, yield components, sorghum grain yield, revenue, and forage crop dry matter production were affected by the timing of forage intercropping. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design. Intercropping systems were not found to cause reductions in the nutrient concentration in sorghum plants. The number of panicles per unit area of sorghum alone (133,600), intercropped sorghum and palisade grass (133,300) and intercropped sorghum and guinea grass (134,300) corresponded to sorghum grain yields of 5439, 5436 and 5566 kg ha(-1), respectively. However, the number of panicles per unit area of intercropped sorghum and palisade grass (144,700) and intercropped sorghum and guinea grass (145,000) with topdressing of fertilizers for the sorghum resulted in the highest sorghum grain yields (6238 and 6127 kg ha(-1) for intercropping with palisade grass and guinea grass, respectively). Forage production (8112, 10,972 and 13,193 Mg ha(-1) for the first, second and third cuts, respectively) was highest when sorghum and guinea grass were intercropped. The timing of intercropping is an important factor in sorghum grain yield and forage production. Palisade grass or guinea grass must be intercropped with sorghum with topdressing fertilization to achieve the highest sorghum grain yield, but this significantly reduces the forage production. Intercropping sorghum with guinea grass sown simultaneously yielded the highest revenue per ha ((sic) 1074.4), which was 2.4 times greater than the revenue achieved by sowing sorghum only. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/09914-3 - Sistemas de produção agrícola em semeadura direta
Beneficiário:Ciro Antonio Rosolem
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa PRONEX - Temático