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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Day-time F region echoes observed by the Sao Luis radar

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Autor(es):
Shume, E. B. [1] ; Rodrigues, F. S. [2] ; de Paula, E. R. [3] ; Batista, I. S. [3] ; Butala, M. D. [1] ; Galvan, D. A. [4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA 91125 - USA
[2] Univ Texas Dallas, WB Hanson Ctr Space Sci, Richardson, TX 75083 - USA
[3] Natl Inst Space Res, Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[4] RAND Corp, Santa Monica, CA - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS; v. 103, n. SI, p. 48-55, OCT 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

This brief report presents unique day-time F region coherent scatter echoes observed by the 30 MHz radar over Sao Luis in eastern Brazil. The radar observation was part of the July 2011 radar campaign designed to detect echoes from day-time F region irregularities. These rare day-time F region radar echoes, scattered from short wavelength plasma irregularities, have quasi patchy features. They are characterized by large upward Doppler velocities (similar to 100-200 m/s). They are very weak (by more than 10 dB) when compared to radar echoes observed over Sao Luis scattered from the night-time F plasma irregularities known as equatorial spread F. Simultaneous GPS vertical total electron content (TEC), and F-2 peak frequency (f(o)F(2)) and F-2 peak height (h(m)F(2)) estimated from ionosonde measurements over Sao Luis have provided additional evidence that the received day-time F region radar echoes were from genuine ionospheric scatterers. This report suggests physical explanations for the day-time radar echoes in terms of the generalized Rayleigh-Taylor instability mechanism operating on large magnetic declination (similar to 20 degrees westward) of the geomagnetic field geometry in Sao Luis, conductivity distribution in the winter southern hemisphere and summer northern hemisphere, and the resulting magnetic flux tube electric field configurations. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/01065-0 - Imageamento das irregularidades ionosféricas por radar VHF
Beneficiário:Eurico Rodrigues de Paula
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 07/08185-9 - Investigação das irregularidades do plasma do eletrojato equatorial e do eco de 150 km no setor brasileiro utilizando multi-instrumentos e modelagem
Beneficiário:Esayas Belay Shume
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 99/00026-0 - Estudos das irregularidades ionosféricas utilizando radar HF/VHF/ de espalhamento coerente
Beneficiário:Eurico Rodrigues de Paula
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular