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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fruit color and contrast in seasonal habitats - a case study from a cerrado savanna

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Autor(es):
Camargo, Maria Gabriela G. [1] ; Cazetta, Eliana [2] ; Schaefer, H. Martin [3] ; Morellato, L. Patricia C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, Grp Fenol & Dispersao Sementes, Lab Fenol, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Santa Cruz, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-45662900 Ilheus, BA - Brazil
[3] Univ Freiburg, Dept Evolutionary Biol & Anim Ecol, Fac Biol, DE-79104 Freiburg - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: OIKOS; v. 122, n. 9, p. 1335-1342, SEP 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Communication contributes to mediate the interactions between plants and the animals that disperse their genes. As yet, seasonal patterns in plant-animal communication are unknown, even though many habitats display pronounced seasonality e.g. when leaves senescence. We thus hypothesized that the contrast between fruit displays and their background vary throughout the year in a seasonal habitat. If this variation is adaptive, we predicted higher contrasts between fruits and foliage during the fruiting season in a cerrado-savanna vegetation, southeastern Brazil. Based on a six-year data base of fruit ripening and a one-year data set of fruit biomass, we used reflectance measurements and contrast analysis to show that fruits with distinct colors differed in the beginning of ripening and the peak of fruit biomass. Black, and particularly red fruits, that have a high contrast against the leaf background, were highly seasonal, peaking in the wet season. Multicolored and yellow fruits were less seasonal, not limited to one season, with a bimodal pattern for yellow ones, represented by two peaks, one in each season. We further supported the hypothesis that seasonal changes in fruit contrasts can be adaptive because fruits contrasted more strongly against their own foliage in the wet season, when most fruits are ripe. Hence, the seasonal variation in fruit colors observed in the cerrado-savanna may be, at least partly, explicable as an adaptation to ensure high conspicuousness to seed dispersers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/59779-6 - Estudo comparativo da diversidade e da fenologia reprodutiva e vegetativa entre borda e interior num fragmento de Cerrado em Itirapina, São Paulo
Beneficiário:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/52113-5 - E-fenologia: aplicação de novas tecnologias para monitorar a fenologia e mudanças climáticas nos trópicos
Beneficiário:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Regular