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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Development and Biotechnological Application of a Novel Endoxylanase Family GH10 Identified from Sugarcane Soil Metagenome

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Autor(es):
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Alvarez, Thabata M. [1, 2] ; Goldbeck, Rosana [1] ; dos Santos, Camila Ramos [3] ; Paixao, Douglas A. A. [1] ; Goncalves, Thiago A. [1, 2] ; Franco Cairo, Joao Paulo L. [1, 2] ; Almeida, Rodrigo Ferreira [1] ; Pereira, Isabela de Oliveira [1] ; Jackson, George [1] ; Cota, Junio [1] ; Buechli, Fernanda [1, 2] ; Citadini, Ana Paula [1] ; Ruller, Roberto [1] ; Polo, Carla Cristina [3] ; Neto, Mario de Oliveira [4] ; Murakami, Mario T. [3] ; Squina, Fabio M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 17
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] CNPEM, Lab Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Bioetanol CTBE, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Bioquim, IB, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] CNPEM, Lab Nacl Biociencias LNBio, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Fis & Biofis, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 8, n. 7 JUL 29 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

Metagenomics has been widely employed for discovery of new enzymes and pathways to conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fuels and chemicals. In this context, the present study reports the isolation, recombinant expression, biochemical and structural characterization of a novel endoxylanase family GH10 (SCXyl) identified from sugarcane soil metagenome. The recombinant SCXyl was highly active against xylan from beechwood and showed optimal enzyme activity at pH 6,0 and 45 degrees C. The crystal structure was solved at 2.75 angstrom resolution, revealing the classical (beta/alpha)(8)-barrel fold with a conserved activesite pocket and an inherent flexibility of the Trp281-Arg291 loop that can adopt distinct conformational states depending on substrate binding. The capillary electrophoresis analysis of degradation products evidenced that the enzyme displays unusual capacity to degrade small xylooligosaccharides, such as xylotriose, which is consistent to the hydrophobic contacts at the +1 subsite and low-binding energies of subsites that are distant from the site of hydrolysis. The main reaction products from xylan polymers and phosphoric acid-pretreated sugarcane bagasse (PASB) were xylooligosaccharides, but, after a longer incubation time, xylobiose and xylose were also formed. Moreover, the use of SCXyl as pre-treatment step of PASB, prior to the addition of commercial cellulolytic cocktail, significantly enhanced the saccharification process. All these characteristics demonstrate the advantageous application of this enzyme in several biotechnological processes in food and feed industry and also in the enzymatic pretreatment of biomass for feedstock and ethanol production. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/20977-3 - Investigação de vias de degradação de biomassa lignocelulósica no cupim Coptotermes gestroi complementares a hidrolases glicolíticas visando aplicação na produção de bioprodutos derivados de biomassa lignocelulósica
Beneficiário:João Paulo Lourenço Franco Cairo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/11469-1 - Desenvolvimento de uma biblioteca de enzimas a partir de metagenoma de solo
Beneficiário:Thabata Maria Alvarez
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 08/58037-9 - Geração de biblioteca para conversão enzimática de biomassa a partir de metagenoma do solo
Beneficiário:Fábio Márcio Squina
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores