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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Neurotoxicity of coral snake phospholipases A2 in cultured rat hippocampal neurons

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Autor(es):
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de Carvalho, Nathalia Delazeri [1] ; Garcia, Raphael CaioTamborelli [2] ; Ferreira, Adilson Kleber [3] ; Batista, Daniel Rodrigo [4] ; Cassola, Antonio Carlos [4] ; Maria, Durvanei [3] ; Lebrun, Ivo [3] ; Carneiro, Sylvia Mendes [5] ; Afeche, Solange Castro [1] ; Marcourakis, Tania [2] ; Lopes Sandoval, Maria Regina [1]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Butantan Inst, Lab Pharmacol, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Clin & Toxicol Anal, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Butantan Inst, Lab Biochem & Biophys, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Biomed, Dept Physiol & Biophys, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Butantan Inst, Lab Cellular Biol, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brain Research; v. 1552, p. 1-16, MAR 13 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 17
Resumo

The neurotoxicity of two secreted Phospholipases A2 from Brazilian coral snake venom in rat primary hippocampal cell culture was investigated. Following exposure to Mlx-8 or Mlx-9 toxins, an increase in free cytosolic Ca2+ and a reduction in mitochondrial transmembrane potential (Delta psi m) became evident and occurred prior to the morphological changes and cytotoxicity. Exposure of hippocampal neurons to Mlx-8 or Mlx-9 caused a decrease in the cell viability as assessed by MTT and LDH assays. Inspection using fluorescent images and ultrastructural analysis by scanning and transmission electron microscopy showed that multiphase injury is characterized by overlapping cell death phenotypes. Shrinkage, membrane blebbing, chromatin condensation, nucleosomal DNA fragmentation and the formation of apoptotic bodies were observed. The most striking alteration observed in the electron microscopy was the fragmentation and rarefaction of the neuron processes network. Degenerated terminal synapses, cell debris and apoptotic bodies were observed among the fragmented fibers. Numerous large vacuoles as well as swollen mitochondria and dilated Golgi were noted. Necrotic signs such as a large amount of cellular debris and membrane fragmentation were observed mainly when the cells were exposed to highest concentration of the PLA2-neurotoxins. PLA2s exposed cultures showed cytoplasmic vacuoles filled with cell debris, clusters of mitochondria presented mitophagy-like structures that are in accordance to patterns of programmed cell death by autophagy. Finally, we demonstrated that the sPLA2s, Mlx-8 and Mlx-9, isolated from the Micrurus lemniscatus snake venom induce a hybrid cell death with apoptotic, autophagic and necrotic features. Furthermore, this study suggests that the augment in free cytosolic Ca2+ and mitochondrial dysfunction are involved in the neurotoxicity of Elapid coral snake venom sPLA2s. (c) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/01817-1 - Estudos de toxinas isoladas de venenos animais com atividade neurotoxica no sistema nervoso central.
Beneficiário:Maria Regina Lopes Sandoval
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular