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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Anthropogenic activities on mangrove areas (Sao Francisco River Estuary, Brazil Northeast): A GIS-based analysis of CBERS and SPOT images to aid in local management

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Autor(es):
Maia Santos, Luciana Cavalcanti [1, 2, 3] ; Matos, Humberto Reis [4] ; Schaeffer-Novelli, Yara [1, 2] ; Cunha-Lignon, Mari Lia [5, 6] ; Bitencourt, Marisa Dantas [3] ; Koedam, Nico [7] ; Dahdouh-Guebas, Farid [6, 7]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Eletrotecn & Energia, Programa Posgrad Ciencia Ambiental PROCAM, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanograf, Centro Ensino & Informagoes Sobre Zonas Umidas, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, LEPaC, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sergipe, Sao Cristovao, SE - Brazil
[5] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Libre Brussels, Fac Sci, Dept Biol Organismes, Lab Syst Ecol & Resource Management, B-1050 Brussels - Belgium
[7] Vrije Univ Brussel VUB, Fac Wetenschappen Bioingenieurswetenschappen, Mangrove Management Grp, Lab Plant Biol & Nat Management, B-1050 Brussels - Belgium
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT; v. 89, p. 39-50, MAR 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 26
Resumo

In Brazil, despite the existence of various environmental laws to protect mangroves, this ecosystem has been affected by a variety of anthropogenic activities. The Sao Francisco River Estuary (SFRE, Brazil Northeast) comprises significant mangrove forests, important for human populations, and is included in an Environmental Protected Area of sustainable use which does not have a management plan. This work assessed and mapped anthropogenic activities on the mangroves of this estuary and provided a number of guidelines for a local management plan. Satellite images (SPOT 5 and CBERS 2B) of 2008 were processed and a land use/cover map (study area size: 192.4 km(2)) produced and verified by fieldwork. About 93% (178.8 km(2)) of the study area is occupied by natural cover such as: sandy coastal vegetation (147.3 km(2), 77%), mangroves (30.1 km(2), 15.7%) and intertidal flats (1.4 km(2), 0.7%), while 7% (13.6 km(2)) is occupied by human activities as aquaculture (4.5 km(2), 2.4%) and agriculture (9 km2, 4.7%). These uses are spatially distributed within mangroves, accounting for approximately one quarter (7.8 km(2)) of its area, which may indicate the conversion of these forests. Shrimp farming is the main anthropogenic activity, occupying the highest area and occurring within the tallest Rhizophora mangle forests (tree height >15 m). We recommend that a management plan for the SFRE considers: the implementation of sustainable aquaculture practices (e.g. small-scale without deforestation of mangroves, use of native species, effluent treatment, socio-economic equity), strategies for the compliance of the laws regarding shrimp farming license and operation and support the creation of community-based cooperatives for the execution of sustainable aquaculture. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/56784-9 - Estado de conservação da zona costeira de Sergipe, estuário do Rio São Francisco: uma análise ambiental dos manguezais no contexto da paisagem
Beneficiário:Luciana Cavalcanti Maia Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 10/20028-9 - Análise espaço-temporal dos manguezais e da produção de caranguejos no sistema estuarino-lagunar do Rio São Francisco (Sergipe, Brasil): conservação da biodiversidade, bens e serviços do ecossistema versus desenvolvimento de pressões antrópicas
Beneficiário:Luciana Cavalcanti Maia Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado