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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evaluating the composition and processing potential of novel sources of Brazilian biomass for sustainable biorenewables production

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Autor(es):
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Lima, Marisa A. [1] ; Gomez, Leonardo D. [2] ; Steele-King, Clare G. [2] ; Simister, Rachael [2] ; Bernardinelli, Oigres D. [1] ; Carvalho, Marcelo A. [3] ; Rezende, Camila A. [4] ; Labate, Carlos A. [5, 6] ; deazevedo, Eduardo R. [1] ; McQueen-Mason, Simon J. [2] ; Polikarpov, Igor [1]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ York, CNAP, Dept Biol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire - England
[3] Embrapa Cerrados Genet Melhoramento Forrageiras, BR-73301970 Planaltina, DF - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Quim, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat, Lab Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Bioetanol CTBE, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Genet, Lab Max Feffer Genet Plantas, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS; v. 7, JAN 18 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 32
Resumo

Background: The search for promising and renewable sources of carbohydrates for the production of biofuels and other biorenewables has been stimulated by an increase in global energy demand in the face of growing concern over greenhouse gas emissions and fuel security. In particular, interest has focused on non-food lignocellulosic biomass as a potential source of abundant and sustainable feedstock for biorefineries. Here we investigate the potential of three Brazilian grasses (Panicum maximum, Pennisetum purpureum and Brachiaria brizantha), as well as bark residues from the harvesting of two commercial Eucalyptus clones (E. grandis and E. grandis x urophylla) for biofuel production, and compare these to sugarcane bagasse. The effects of hot water, acid, alkaline and sulfite pretreatments (at increasing temperatures) on the chemical composition, morphology and saccharification yields of these different biomass types were evaluated. Results: The average yield (per hectare), availability and general composition of all five biomasses were compared. Compositional analyses indicate a high level of hemicellulose and lignin removal in all grass varieties (including sugarcane bagasse) after acid and alkaline pretreatment with increasing temperatures, whilst the biomasses pretreated with hot water or sulfite showed little variation from the control. For all biomasses, higher cellulose enrichment resulted from treatment with sodium hydroxide at 130 degrees C. At 180 degrees C, a decrease in cellulose content was observed, which is associated with high amorphous cellulose removal and 5-hydroxymethyl-furaldehyde production. Morphological analysis showed the effects of different pretreatments on the biomass surface, revealing a high production of microfibrillated cellulose on grass surfaces, after treatment with 1% sodium hydroxide at 130 degrees C for 30 minutes. This may explain the higher hydrolysis yields resulting from these pretreatments, since these cellulosic nanoparticles can be easily accessed and cleaved by cellulases. Conclusion: Our results show the potential of three Brazilian grasses with high productivity yields as valuable sources of carbohydrates for ethanol production and other biomaterials. Sodium hydroxide at 130 degrees C was found to be the most effective pretreatment for enhanced saccharification yields. It was also efficient in the production of microfibrillated cellulose on grass surfaces, thereby revealing their potential as a source of natural fillers used for bionanocomposites production. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/18354-8 - Dinâmica e estrutura de sistemas poliméricos estudados por ressonância magnética nuclear
Beneficiário:Eduardo Ribeiro de Azevedo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/52362-5 - Targeted analysis of microbial lignocellulolytic secretomes: a new approach to enzyme discovery
Beneficiário:Igor Polikarpov
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 08/56255-9 - Structure and function of enzymes and auxiliary proteins from Trichoderma, active in cell-wall hydrolysis
Beneficiário:Igor Polikarpov
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/08370-3 - Estudos biofísicos e bioquímicos de exoglicanases do fungo Trichoderma harzianum envolvidas na biodegradação da celulose
Beneficiário:Wanius José Garcia da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/11135-6 - Aspectos estruturais e morfológicos da degradação da parede celular e seus biopolímeros
Beneficiário:Camila Alves de Rezende
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado