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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Koppen's climate classification map for Brazil

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Autor(es):
Alvares, Clayton Alcarde [1, 2] ; Stape, Jose Luiz [3, 2, 4] ; Sentelhas, Paulo Cesar [3] ; de Moraes Goncalves, Jose Leonardo [3] ; Sparovek, Gerd [3]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Forestry Sci & Res Inst IPEF, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] FPC, Raleigh, NC - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Agr Coll Luiz de Queiroz, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[4] N Carolina State Univ, Raleigh, NC 27695 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: METEOROLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT; v. 22, n. 6, p. 711-728, DEC 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 1596
Resumo

Koppen's climate classification remains the most widely used system by geographical and climatological societies across the world, with well recognized simple rules and climate symbol letters. In Brazil, climatology has been studied for more than 140 years, and among the many proposed methods Koppen's system remains as the most utilized. Considering Koppen's climate classification importance for Brazil (geography, biology, ecology, meteorology, hydrology, agronomy, forestry and environmental sciences), we developed a geographical information system to identify Koppen's climate types based on monthly temperature and rainfall data from 2,950 weather stations. Temperature maps were spatially described using multivariate equations that took into account the geographical coordinates and altitude; and the map resolution (100 m) was similar to the digital elevation model derived from Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Patterns of rainfall were interpolated using kriging, with the same resolution of temperature maps. The final climate map obtained for Brazil (851,487,700 ha) has a high spatial resolution (1 ha) which allows to observe the climatic variations at the landscape level. The results are presented as maps, graphs, diagrams and tables, allowing users to interpret the occurrence of climate types in Brazil. The zones and climate types are referenced to the most important mountains, plateaus and depressions, geographical landmarks, rivers and watersheds and major cities across the country making the information accessible to all levels of users. The climate map not only showed that the A, B and C zones represent approximately 81%, 5% and 14% of the country but also allowed the identification of Koppen's climates types never reported before in Brazil. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/05744-0 - Elaboração, calibração e validação de um modelo edafoclimatológico de produtividade florestal integrado com sistemas de informações geográficas
Beneficiário:Clayton Alcarde Alvares
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto