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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The carbonylation and covalent dimerization of human superoxide dismutase 1 caused by its bicarbonate-dependent peroxidase activity is inhibited by the radical scavenger tempol

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Queiroz, Raphael F. [1] ; Paviani, Veronica [1] ; Coelho, Fernando R. [1] ; Marques, Emerson E. [1] ; Di Mascio, Paolo [1] ; Augusto, Ohara [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Bioquim, BR-05513970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Biochemical Journal; v. 455, n. 1, p. 37-46, OCT 1 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

Tempol (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl piperidine-1-oxyl) reduces tissue injury in animal models of various diseases via mechanisms that are not completely understood. Recently, we reported that high doses of tempol moderately increased survival in a rat model of ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) while decreasing the levels of oxidized hSOD1 (human Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase) in spinal cord tissues. To better understand such a protective effect in vivo, we studied the effects of tempol on hSOD1 oxidation in vitro. The chosen oxidizing system was the bicarbonate-dependent peroxidase activity of hSOD1 that consumes H2O2 to produce carbonate radical, which oxidizes the enzyme. Most of the experiments were performed with 30 mu M hSOD1, 25 mM bicarbonate, 1 mM H2O2, 0.1 mM DTPA (diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid) and 50 mM phosphate buffer at a final pH of 7.4. The results showed that tempol (5-75 mu M) does not inhibit hSOD1 turnover, but decreases its resulting oxidation to carbonylated and covalently dimerized forms. Tempol acted by scavenging the carbonate radical produced and by recombining with hSOD1-derived radicals. As a result, tempol was consumed nearly stoichiometrically with hSOD1 monomers. MS analyses of turned-over hSOD1 and of a related peptide oxidized by the carbonate radical indicated the formation of a relatively unstable adduct between tempol and hSOD1-Trp(32 center dot). Tempol consumption by the bicarbonate-dependent peroxidase activity of hSOD1 may be one of the reasons why high doses of tempol were required to afford protection in an ALS rat model. Overall, the results of the present study confirm that tempol can protect against protein oxidation and the ensuing consequences. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/54541-1 - Mecanismos e conseqüências patofisiológicas de processos redox. Ênfase em processos mediados por tampão bicarbonato, superóxido dismutase 1, tiol proteínas e nitróxidos
Beneficiário:Ohara Augusto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 08/57721-3 - Redoxoma
Beneficiário:Ohara Augusto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático