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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Biogeography, vicariance and conservation of snakes of the neglected and endangered Caatinga region, north-eastern Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Guedes, Thais B. [1, 2, 3] ; Sawaya, Ricardo J. [1] ; Nogueira, Cristiano de C. [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo MZUSP, Museu Zool, Lab Herpetol, BR-04203000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Programa Posgrad Biol Anim, Inst Biociencias Letras & Ciencias Exatas, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Biogeography; v. 41, n. 5, p. 919-931, MAY 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

Aim Our aims were to test the predictions of the vicariance model, searching for natural, non-random biogeographical units using data on snake distributions, and to assess the conservation of biogeographical patterns and underlying processes in the poorly studied Caatinga region. Location Caatinga region, north-eastern Brazil. Methods We revised and georeferenced 7352 snake occurrence records at point localities, by direct examination of voucher specimens in zoological collections and revision of literature data. We tested two predictions of the vicariance model via biotic element analysis using two datasets (all taxa and endemics) mapped onto a 1 degrees x1 degrees square grid across the Caatinga. Finally, we examined the overlap between recovered biogeographical units and spatial patterns of habitat loss and protected area coverage. Results We recorded 112 snake species from the Caatinga, of which 22 (20%) are endemics. The predictions of the vicariance model were corroborated by the detection of groups of species with significantly clustered ranges (biotic elements). The analysis with the full dataset detected eight biotic elements, and three endemic biotic elements were found when only using endemics. The three endemic biotic elements correspond to core areas of biotic elements detected with the larger dataset. The average habitat loss for species forming biotic elements was 46%, and was similar among biotic elements. Protected area coverage is different for species from different biotic elements, and most species' ranges are very poorly represented in protected areas. Main conclusions The Caatinga harbours a peculiar snake fauna with significantly clustered species ranges concordant with the predictions of the vicariance model. Our results, representing the first formal test of vicariance patterns in the Caatinga, detected poor overlap between biotic elements and protected areas, indicating that biogeographical patterns and processes are largely unprotected in this imperilled and neglected Neotropical region. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/54472-2 - Diversidade, distribuição e conservação da herpetofauna do estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Ricardo Jannini Sawaya
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 12/19858-2 - Biogeografia e conservação das serpentes brasileiras
Beneficiário:Cristiano de Campos Nogueira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/04170-8 - Biogeografia histórica das serpentes da diagonal de formações abertas da América do Sul
Beneficiário:Thaís Barreto Guedes da Costa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/50206-9 - Origem e evolução das serpentes e a sua diversificação na região neotropical: uma abordagem multidisciplinar
Beneficiário:Hussam El Dine Zaher
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/50627-4 - Diversidade e padrões de distribuição da fauna de serpentes das Caatingas
Beneficiário:Thaís Barreto Guedes da Costa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado