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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Wing geometry of Culex coronator (Diptera: Culicidae) from South and Southeast Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Demari-Silva, Bruna [1] ; Suesdek, Lincoln [2] ; Mureb Sallum, Maria Anice [1] ; Marrelli, Mauro Toledo [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Inst Butantan, BR-05509300 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PARASITES & VECTORS; v. 7, APR 9 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

Background: The Coronator Group encompasses Culex coronator Dyar \& Knab, Culex camposi Dyar, Culex covagarciai Forattini, Culex ousqua Dyar, Culex usquatissimus Dyar, Culex usquatus Dyar and Culex yojoae Strickman. Culex coronator has the largest geographic distribution, occurring in North, Central and South America. Moreover, it is a potential vector-borne mosquito species because females have been found naturally infected with several arboviruses, i.e., Saint Louis Encephalitis Virus, Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus and West Nile Virus. Considering the epidemiological importance of Cx. coronator, we investigated the wing shape diversity of Cx. coronator from South and Southeast Brazil, a method to preliminarily estimate population diversity. Methods: Field-collected immature stages of seven populations from a large geographical area in Brazil were maintained in the laboratory to obtain both females and males linked with pupal and/or larval exuviae. For each individual female, 18 landmarks of left wings were marked and digitalized. After Procrustes superimposition, discriminant analysis of shape was employed to quantify wing shape variation among populations. The isometric estimator centroid size was calculated to assess the overall wing size and allometry. Results: Wing shape was polymorphic among populations of Cx. coronator. However, dissimilarities among populations were higher than those observed within each population, suggesting populational differentiation in Cx. coronator. Morphological distances between populations were not correlated to geographical distances, indicating that other factors may act on wing shape and thus, determining microevolutionary patterns in Cx. coronator. Despite the population differentiation, intrapopulational wing shape variability was equivalent among all seven populations. Conclusion: The wing variability found in Cx. coronator populations brings to light a new biological problem to be investigated: the population genetics of Cx. coronator. Because of differences in the male genitalia, we also transferred Cx. yojoae to the Apicinus Subgroup. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/20397-7 - Taxonomia morfológica e molecular e filogenia do subgênero Nyssorhynchus do gênero Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae), com ênfase especial em Anopheles darlingi da Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Maria Anice Mureb Sallum
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/02658-5 - Caracterização de populações de Culex coronator e Culex usquatus (Diptera: Culicidae) da região neotropical através da morfometria geométrica de asa e da análise de sequências gênicas
Beneficiário:Bruna Demari e Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado