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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Vertical distribution patterns of macrofauna in a subtropical near-shore coastal area affected by urban sewage

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Muniz, Pablo [1] ; Pires-Vanin, Ana M. S. [2] ; Venturini, Natalia [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fac Ciencias. IECA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo IOUSP. Inst Oceanog
[3] Fac Ciencias. IECA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MARINE ECOLOGY-AN EVOLUTIONARY PERSPECTIVE; v. 34, n. 2, p. 233-250, JUN 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The vertical distribution of macrobenthic fauna, heavy metals, and other physico-chemical and biological characteristics of the sediments were studied in three sediment layers (07, 814, 1521cm) at seven stations in the Ubatuba region, north coast of SAo Paulo State, Brazil at several temporal and spatial scales. Six stations were located in the inner bay near the riverine run-off, and one was outside the bay, distant from the riverine influence. The samples were collected four times in 1year, on a seasonal basis. Sediments were basis comprised predominantly of very fine sand and the vertical distribution of grain size was uniform to a depth of 21cm in all stations. Higher values of total organic matter, organic carbon, sulphur, heavy metals and phaeopigments were recorded at the inner Ubatuba Bay stations, probably due to the riverine influence. C/N ratios indicated a mixed origin of organic matter with a major contribution of terrestrial material in the inner stations. The vertical distribution of heavy metals showed a slight decline with sediment depth in the inner stations, indicating the present contribution. Most of the macrofauna was found at the surface sediment layer. Biological data showed that in the inner stations of Ubatuba Bay, which are under the influence of urban sewage and are moderately polluted, the fauna was distributed more superficially within the substrate than in St. 7, which is located in the external portion of the bay distant from sewage inputs. The environmental quality of the sites studied varied little throughout the year, at least in relation to the variables considered here. Temporal variation in the vertical distribution of benthic fauna was not evident in the four sampling surveys analysed. Only minor changes in the vertical distribution of the total fauna were detected in the seasonal scale, with the organisms located less deep within the sediment column in summer, indicating some influence of the tourism impact and/or rainy season. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 99/09739-0 - Comunidades macrobenticas como indicadoras da qualidade ambiental de ecossistemas costeiros rasos: estudo de caso - Enseada de Ubatuba (SP, Brasil)
Beneficiário:Pablo Muniz Maciel
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado